Elinor Ochs


  Publications

Books/Edited Journal Issues

2016.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. Acquiring Conversational Competence. London: Routeledge (Re-Issued).

2013.   Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T. (eds.) Fast Forward Family: Home, Work and Relationships in Middle Class America. Berkeley: University of California Press.

2012.   Arnold, J., Graesch, A., Ragazzini, E., and Ochs, E. Life at Homein the 21st century: 32 Families Open Their Doors. Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press.

2011.   Duranti, A., Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. (eds.) The Handbook of Language Socialization. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

2007.   Ochs, E., and Kremer-Sadlik, T. Morality as Family Practice, Discourse and Society Special Issue 18(1).

2006.   Ochs, E. Linguaggio e cultura: Lo sviluppo delle competenze communicative. Edizione Italiana a cura di Alessandra Fasulo e Laura Sterponi.Rome: Carocci editore.

2004.   Ochs, E. and Solomon, O. Discourse and Autism. Discourse Studies, Special Issue, 6(2).

2002.   Gingrich, A., Ochs, E., and Swedlund, A. (eds.) Repertoires of Time-Keeping in Anthropology. Current Anthropology, Special Issue, 43(4).

2001.   Ochs, E. and Capps, L. Living Narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1996.   Ochs, E., Schegloff, E., and Thompson, S. (eds.) Interaction and Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1995.   Capps, L. and Ochs, E. Constructing Panic: The Discourse of Agoraphobia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1995.   Ochs, E. and Jacoby, S. (eds.) Co-Construction. Research on Language and Social Interaction, Special Issue, 28(3).

1989.   Ochs, E. (ed.) The Pragmatics of Affect. Text, Special Issue, 9(1).

1988.   Ochs, E. Culture and Language Development: Language Acquisition and Language Socialization in a Samoan Village. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1986.   Schieffelin,B. and Ochs, E. (eds.) Language Socialization Across Cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1983.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. Acquisition of Conversational Competence. London: Routledge, Kegan,and Paul.

1979.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. (eds.) Developmental Pragmatics. New York: Academic Press.

1977.   Ochs, E. and Bennett, T. (eds.) Discourse Across Time and Space. Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics, 5, Los Angeles: University of Southern California.


Articles

2016.   Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlki, T. "How Post-Industrial Families Talk ." Annual Review of Anthropology, 49. pp. 87-103

2015.   Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlki, T. "Discursive Underpinnings of Family Coordination ." In Handbook of Discourse Analysis, ed. by Schiffrin, D., Tannen, D. and Hamilton, H.E. Malden: Wiley Blackwell, pp. 728-751

2015.   Ochs, E. " Corporeal Reflexivity and Autism." Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 15 (2)

2014.   Ochs, E. "Ce Que les Récits Nous Apprennent." Semen, Spring 2014. (Translation "Narrative Lessons," 2004).

2014.   Ochs, E. "Pitching-In and Catching On: Commentary." Human Development: Special Issue: Pitching-In and Catching On. Edited by Barbara Rogoff et al.

2013.   Campos, B., Wang, S., Plaksina, T., Repetti, R., Schoebi, D., Ochs, E., and Beck, M. "Positive and Negative Emotion in the Daily Life of Dual-Earner Couples with Children." Journal of Family Psychology.

2013.   Ochs, E. "American Parents Seem To No Longer Believe Kids Should Do Chores." The Guardian (Invited Op-Ed news article). 15 October 2013.

2013.   Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T. "Introduction." In Fast Forward Family: Home, Work and Relationships in Middle Class America , Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T (Eds.)Berkeley: University of California Press.

2013.   Ochs, E. and Campos, B. "Coming Home." In Fast Forward Family: Home, Work and Relationships in Middle Class America ,Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T. (Eds.)Berkeley: University of California Press.

2013.   Ochs, E. and Beck, M. "Dinner." In Fast Forward Family: Home, Work and Relationships in Middle Class America , Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T. (Eds.)Berkeley: University of California Press.

2013.   Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T. "The Good Enough Family." In Fast forward Family: Home, Work and Relationships in Middle Class America , Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T. (Eds.) Berkeley: University of California Press.

2012.   Ochs, E. "Expericing Language." Anthropological Theory, 12(2), pp. 142-160.

2011.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. "The Theory of Language Socialization." In The Handbook of Language Socialization. Duranti, A., Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. (eds.) Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1-21.

2011.   Ochs, E. "Narrative in Everyday Life"(Revised)." In Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Teun A. van Dijk (ed.) London: Sage.

2010.   Ochs, E. and Solomon, O." Autistic Sociality." Ethos, 38 (1), pp. 69-92.

2010.   Ochs, E. Shohet, M., Campos, B. and Beck, M., "Coming Together at Dinner: A Study of Working Families." In Workplace Flexibility: Realigning 20th Century Jobs for a 21st Century Workforce. K. Cjrostemsem and B. Schneider (eds.) Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 57-70.

2010.   Ochs, E. and Izquierdo, C. "Responsibility in Childhood: Three Developmental Trajectories." Ethos, 37 (4), pp. 391-413.

2010.   Ochs, E. "Language: Language and Social Life." In The Child: An Encyclopedic Companion, R. Shweder, Bidell, T., Dailey, A., Dixon, S., Miller, P.,and Modell, J. (eds.) Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 545-549.

2009.   Campos, B., Graesch, A., Repetti, R., Bradbury, T., and Ochs, E." Opportunity for Interaction? A Naturalistic Observation Study of Dual-Earner Families after Work and School." Journal of Family Psychology, 23 (6), pp. 798-807.

2008.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B."Language Socialization: An Historical Overview." In Encyclopedia of Language Education, 2nd Edition, P.A. Duff and N.H. Hornberger (eds.), Volume 8,pp. 3-15. New York: Springer.

2007.   Ochs, E. and Kremer-Sadlik, T."Morality as Family Practice ." In Discourse and Society: Morality as Family Practice, E. Och and T. Kremer-Sadlik (eds.), 18 (1) pp. 5-10.

2006.   Ochs, E.and Shohet, M." The Cultural Structuring of Mealtime Socialization." In New Directions in Child and Adolescent Development Series Number 11: Family Mealtime as a Context of Development and Socialization. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp. 35-50.

2006.   Ochs, E., Graesch, A., Mittman, A., Bradbury, T., and Repetti, R. " Video Ethnography and Ethnoarcheological Tracking ." In Handbook of Work and Family. M. Pitt-Catsouphes, S. Sweet et al. (eds.), Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 387-410.

2006.   Ochs, E. "Postfazione." In Linguaggio e cultura: Lo sviluppo delle competenze comunicative. A. Fasulo and Sterponi, L. (eds.) Roma: Carocci.

2005.   Ochs, E., Solomon, O., and Sterponi, L." Limitations and Transformations of Habitus in Child-Directed Communication." Discourse Studies 7(4-5), 547-583.

2005.   Ochs, E. and Solomon, O. " Practical Logic and Autism." A Companion to Psychological Anthropology: Modernity and Psycho-cultural Change.In Edgerton, R. and Casey, C. (eds.) Oxford: Blackwell.

2004.   Ochs, E. "Narrative Lessons." In Duranti, A. (ed.) A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 269-289.

2004.   Ochs, E., Kremer-Sadlik, T., Sirota, K. and Solomon, O. "Autism and the Social World: An Anthropological Perspective ." In Discourse Studies 6(2), Special Issue on Discourse and Autism: 147-183.

2004.   Ochs, E. and Solomon, O. "Introduction: Discourse and Autism." Discourse Studies 6(2):139-146.

2003.   Ochs, E. and Sterponi, L. " Analisi delle Narrazioni." In Metodi Qualitativi in Psicologia. Mantovani, G. and Spagnolli, A. (eds.) Bologna: Il Mulino.

2002.   Gingrich, A., Ochs, E. and Swedlund, A. "Introduction: Repertoires of Time Keeping in Anthropology." Current Anthropology, Special Issue, A. Gingrich, E. Ochs, and A. Swedlund.(eds.)

2002.   Capps, L. and Ochs, E. "Cultivating prayer." In The Language of Turn and Sequence, C. Ford, B. Fox, and S. Thompson (eds.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 39-55.

2002.   Baquedano-López, P. and Ochs, E. "The Politics of Language and Parish Storytelling: Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Takes on 'English Only'." In Selves and Voices: Goffman, Viveka, and Dialogue. P. Linell and K. Aronsson (eds.) Studies in Communication 42. Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, pp. 173-191.

2002.   Ochs, E. "Becoming a speaker of culture." In Language acquisition and Language Socialization: Ecological Perspectives. C. Kramsch (ed,)Continuum Press, pp. 99-120.

2001.   Ochs, E., Kremer-Sadlik, T., Solomon, O. and Sirota, K. "Inclusion as Social Practice: Views from Children with Autism." Social Development. Special Issue, A. Imbens-Bailey, (ed.), (10)3, pp. 399-419.

2000.   Ochs, E."Socialization."Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 9(1-2) pp. 230-2333.

1999.   Ochs, E. "Language Socialization." Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. Special Issue: Language Matters in Anthropology: Lexicon for a New Millenium. Reprinted in Key terms in Language and Culture, A. Durant (ed.) Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp. 227-30.

1999.   Ochs, E. and Capps, L. "Narrating Lives in the Balance." SALSA V: Proceedings of Symposium about Language and Society. Austin, 1997, pp.1-20.

1998.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E."Syncretic Literacy in a Samoan American family." In Discourse tools, and Reasoning: Essays on Situated Cognition, L.B. Resnick, R. Saljo, C. Pontecorvo,and B. Burge (eds). Berlin: Springer, pp 169-202.

1997.   Ochs, E. "Narrative." In Handbook of Discourse: A Multidisciplinary Introduction, T. A. van Dijk(ed.) London: Sage, pp. 185-206.

1997.   Ochs, E. and Jacoby, S. "Down to the Wire: The Cultural Clock of Physicists and the Discourse of Consensus." Language in Society, 26(4), pp. 479-506.

1997.   Ochs, E. and Capps, L. "Narrative authenticity." Journal of Narrative and Life History, 7 (1-4), pp. 83-89.

1996.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E. "Use and Acquisition of Genitive Constructions in Samoan." In Social Interaction, Social Context and Language: Essays in Honor of Susan Ervin-Tripp, D.Slobin, J. Gerhardt, A. Kyratzis, and G. Jiansheng (eds.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp.175-190.

1996.   Schieffelin, B. and Ochs, E. " The Microgenesis of Competence: Methodology in Language Socialization." In Social Interaction, Social Context and Language: Essays in Honor of Susan Ervin-Tripp, ed by D.Slobin, J.Gerhardt, A. Kyratzis, and G. Jiansheng (eds.) Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 251-264.

1996.   Ochs, E., Gonzales, P., and Jacoby, S. " When I Come Down I'm in a Domain State: Talk, Gesture, and Graphic Representation in the Interpretive Activity of Physicists." In Interaction and Grammar, E. Ochs, E. Schegloff, and S.Thompson (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1996.   Schegloff, E., Ochs, E. and Thompson, S. "Introduction." In Interaction and Grammar, E. Ochs, E. Schegloff, and S. Thompson (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1996.   Ochs, E. and Taylor, C."The Father Knows Best:' Dynamic in Family Dinner Narratives." In Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self. K.Hall (ed). Routledge. pp.97-121.

1996.   Ochs, E. and Capps, L. "Narrating the Self." Annual Review of Anthropology, 25. pp. 19-43.

1996.   Ochs, E., Pontecorvo, C.,and Fasulo, A. "Socializing Taste." Ethnos. 1(2)pp. 7-46.

1996.   Ochs, E. " Resources for Socializing Humanity." In Rethinking Linguistic Relativity, J. Gumperz and S. Levinson (eds.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 407-438.

1995.   Capps, L. and Ochs, E. " Out of Place: Narrative Insights into Agoraphobia." Discourse Processes 19. pp. 407-39.

1995.   Jacoby, S. and Ochs, E. " Co-Construction: An introduction." In Research on Language and Social Interaction.

1995.   Duranti, A., Ochs, E. and Ta'ase, E. "Change and Tradition in Literacy Instruction in a Samoan American Community." Educational Foundations, 9(4). pp. 57-74.

1994.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. "Language Acquisition and Socialization: Three Developmental Stories and Their Implications." Reprinted in Language, Culture, and Society: A book of Readings. B. Blount (ed.). Waveland Press, pp. 276-320.

1994.   Ochs, E., Jacoby, S., and Gonzales, P. "Interpretative Journeys: How Physicists Talk and Travel through Graphic Space." In Located Knowledges: Intersections between Cultural, Gender and Science Studies, M. Biagioli, R. Reid and S. Traweek (eds.), Configurations(special issue), 2(1), Winter, pp. 151-172.

1994.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. " The Impact of Language Socialization on Grammatical Development." The Handbook of Child Language, P.Fletcher and B.MacWhinney (eds). Blackwell, pp. 73-94.

1994.   Ochs, E. "Stories That Step into the Future." Perspectives on Register: Situating Language Variation in Sociolinguistics, D. Biber and E. Finegan. Oxford University Press.

1993.   Ochs, E.and Taylor, C. "Mothers' Role in the Everyday Reconstruction of 'Father Knows Best'." In Locating Power: Women and Language, Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, University of California, Berkeley, pp.447-463.

1993.   Ochs, E. "Constructing Social Identity: A Language Socialization Perspective." Research on Language and Social Interaction. 26 (3), pp. 287-306.

1993.   Ochs, E. "Indexing Gender." In Sex and Gender Hierarchies, B. Miller (ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Reprint of "Indexing Gender" In Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, A. Duranti and C. Goodwin (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.)

1992.   Ochs, E. and Taylor, C. "Science at Dinner." In Text and Context: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives on Language Study, C. Kramsch and S. McConnell-Ginet (eds). Lexington, Mass: D.C. Heath, pp.29-45.

1992.   Ochs, E., Taylor, C, Rudolph, D., and Smith, R. "Storytelling as a Theory-Building Activity." Discourse Processes,15 (1), pp. 37-72.

1992.   Ochs, E. "Indexing Gender." In Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, A. Duranti and C. Goodwin (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.335-358.

1992.   Ochs, E. andTaylor, C. "Family Narrative as Political Activity." Discourse and Society, 3(3). pp.301-340.

1991.   Ochs, E. "Misunderstanding Children." In 'Miscommunication' and Problematic Talk, N.Coupland, H. Giles, and J.M. Wiemann (eds). Newberry Park, CA: Sage, pp.44-60.

1991.   Ochs, E. "Introduction: Socialization through Language and Interaction." In Applied Linguistics(Special Issue) E. ochs (ed) pp: 143-147

1990.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E. "Genitive Constructions and Agency in Samoan Discourse." Studies in Language. 14 (1), pp. 1-23.

1990.   Ochs, E. "Indexicality and Socialization." In Cultural Psychology: The Chicago Symposia, J.Stigler, G. Herdt, and R. Shweder (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1990.   Ochs, E. "Acquisition of Discourse Competence." Oxford Encyclopedia of Linguistics, pp. 358-361.

1990.   Ochs, E. "Cultural Universals in the Acquisition of Language." Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, 29, pp. 1-19.

1989.   Ochs, E., Smith, R., and Taylor, C. "Dinner Narratives as Detective Stories." Cultural Dynamics 2, pp. 238-57.

1989.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. "Language Has a Heart." The Pragmatics of Affect, Text (Special Issue) 9(1), pp. 7-25.

1989.   Ochs, E. "Introduction: The Pragmatics of Affect." Text (Special Issue) 9(1).

1989.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E."Acquisition of Genitive Agents in Samoan." Papers and Reports on Child Language Development 28, Stanford University.

1988.   Ochs, E. "Child Language Acquisition." International Encyclopedia of Communication

1987.   Ochs, E. "The Impact of Stratification and Socialization on Men's and Women's Speech in Western Samoa." In Gender and Language, S. Philips, C. Tanz, and S. Steele (eds.) Cambridge University Press, pp. 50-70.

1987.   Ochs, E. "Input: A Socio-Cultural Perspective." In Social Foundation of Language Development, M. Hickman (ed.) New York: Academic Press, pp. 305-319.

1986.   Ochs, E. "Variation and Error: a Sociolinguistic Study of language acquisition in Samoa." In The Cross-linguistic study of language acquisition, D. Slobin (ed). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 783-838.

1986.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E. "Literacy Instruction in a Samoan Village." In Acquisition of Literacy: Ethnographic Perspectives, B. Schieffelin (ed). Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.

1986.   Ochs, E. "Introduction." In Language Socialization Across Cultures, B. Schieffelin and E. Ochs (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1986.   Ochs, E. "From Feelings to Grammar: A Samoan Case study." In Language Socialization Across Cultures, B. Schieffelin and E. Ochs (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 251-272.

1986.   Schieffelin, B. and Ochs, E. "Language Socialization." Annual Review of Anthropology, 15, B. Siegel (ed).

1984.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. "Language Acquisition and Socialization: Three Developmental Stories." In Culture Theory: Mind, Self, and Emotion, R. Shweder and R. LeVine (ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1984.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E."L'alfabetizzazione in un villaggio samoano." Eta' Evolutiva, 17, pp.8-24.

1984.   Ochs, E. " Clarification and Culture." In GURT'84: Meaning, Form, and Use in Context: Linguistic Applications, ed. by D. Schiffrin. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, pp. 325-341.

1983.   Schieffelin, B. and Ochs, E. "Cultural Perspectives on the Transition from Pre-linguistic to Linguistic Communication." In The Transition from Pre-Linguistic to Linguistic Communication, R. Golinkoff (ed). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum

1982.   Ochs, E. "Talking to Children in Western Samoa." Language in Society. 11, pp. 77-104

1982.   Ochs, E. "Ergativity and Word Order in Samoan Child Language." Language,58, pp. 646-71.

1982.   Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B. "Language Acquisition and Socialization: Three Developmental Stories." Sociolinguistic Working Paper, 105. Austin, Texas: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory.

1980.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E. "La pipa la fumi?: uno studio sulla dislocazione a sinistra nelle conversazioni." Studi di grammatica Italiana, Rivista dell' Academia della Crusca, pp. 269-301.

1979.   Ochs, E. "Social Foundations of Language." In New Directions in Discourse Processing, 2. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, pp. 207-21.

1979.   Ochs, E. "What Child Language Can Contribute to Pragmatics." In Developmental Pragmatics, E. Ochs and B. Schieffelin. New York: Academic Press, pp.1-17.

1979.   Ochs, E. "Transcription as Theory." In Developmental Pragmatics, E. Ochs and B. Schieffelin. New york: Academic Press, pp. 43-72.

1979.   Ochs, E., Schieffelin, B, and Platt, M. "Propositions across Utterances and Speakers.." In Developmental Pragmatics, E. Ochs, and B. Schieffelin (eds). New York:   Academic Press, pp. 251-68

1979.   Duranti, A. and Ochs, E."Left-dislocation in Italian conversation." In Syntax and Semantics, vol. 12: Discourse and Syntax, T. Givon (ed). New York: Academic Press.

1979.   Ochs, E. "Planned and Unplanned Discourse." In Syntax and Semantics, 12. In Discourse and Syntax, T. Givon (ed). New York: Academic Press.

1979.   Ochs, E. "Review of Introduzione all' etnolinguistica, by G.R. Cardona.(Il Molino)." Language in Society.

1978.   Ochs, E., Schieffelin, B., and Platt, M. "Questions of Immediate Concern." In Questions and Politeness, E. Goody (ed). Cambridge University Press, pp. 44-56.

1978.   Keenan, E.L, and Keenan (Ochs), E. O. "Becoming a Competent Speaker of Malagasy." In Languages and Their Speakers, T. Shopen (ed). Cambridge, MA: Winthrop, pp. 113-58.

1978.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Competenza Conversazionale nei Bambini." In Sviluppo del linguaggio e interazione sociale, ed. by L. Camaioni, pp. 163-89. (Translation of 1974 article.)

1977.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Making it Last: Uses of Repetition in Child Language." In Child Discourse, S. Ervin-Tripp and C. Mitchell-Kernan (eds). New York: Academic Press.

1977.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Why look at Unplanned and Planned Discourse?" In Discourse Across Time and Space, E. Keenan (Ochs) and T. Bennett (eds). University of Southern California: Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics no. 5:1-13.

1977.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Propositions Across Utterances and Speakers." Papers and Reports on Child Language Development.

1977.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "On the Universality of Conversational Implicatures." Studies in language Variation, R.W. Fasold and R. Shuy (eds). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, pp. 255-69.

1976.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "The Universality of Conversational Postulates." Language in Society,5. pp. 67-80.

1976.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Again and again: Pragmatics of imitation in child Language." Pragmatics Microfiche.

1976.   Keenan (Ochs), E. and Schieffelin, B. "Topic as a Discourse Notion: A Study of Topic in the Conversations of Children and Adults." In Subject and Topic, C, Li (ed). New York: Academic Press.

1976.   Keenan (Ochs), E. and Schieffelin, B. "Foregrounding Referents: A Reconsideration of Left-Dislocation in Discourse." Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, vol. 2.

1975.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Review of Explorations in the Functions of Language, by M. Halliday." Language in Society, 4. pp. 247-53.

1975.   Keenan (Ochs), E. and Klein, E. "Coherency in Children's Discourse." Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 4. pp. 365-79.

1975.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Making it Last: Uses of Repetition in Child Language." Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society,1. pp. 279-94.

1975.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Evolving Discourse: the Next Step." Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, Stanford University.

1974.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Norm-makers, Norm-breakers: Uses of Speech by Men and Women in a Malagasy Community." In Ethnography of Communication, R. Bauman and J. Sherzer (eds). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1974.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Conversational Competence in Children." Journal of Child Language, 1 (2). pp. 163-83.

1973.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "A Sliding Wense of Obligatoriness: The Polystructure of Malagasy Oratory." Language in Society, Oct. 1973, 2. pp. 225-43. Also in Oratory, Rhetoric, and Politics, M. Bloch (ed). London: Academic,1975.

1972.   Keenan (Ochs), E. "Patterns in Speech Use: Vakinankaratra, Madagascar." In Prolegomena to Typologies of Speech Use, ed. by R. Darnell. Texas Working Papers in Sociolinguistics, Special Number.