Anthropology 33: Culture and Communication
(Room: Fowler A103B)
Lecture: Tuesday and Thursday 11am-12:15pm
Instructor: Prof. Alessandro Duranti
Office: Haines 349
Office Hours: Tuesday 2:15-3:15pm and Thursday, 12:45-1:45pm or by appointment
Teaching Assistants: Steven Black (firstname.lastname@example.org), Cristopher Engelke (email@example.com), Wendy Klein (firstname.lastname@example.org), Diana Pash (email@example.com), Clarice Rios (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Instructor Email: (email@example.com)
[updated March 7, 2006]
This course satisfies the General Education Requirement in the social sciences and it is the first course in the linguistic anthropology series at UCLA. It introduces students to basic concepts and qualitative methods in the social sciences including ethnographic fieldwork and the analysis of face-to-face communication. In its focus on the details of everyday activities across a number of communities, it is meant to provide a bridge between linguistics and socio-cultural anthropology through the introduction of concepts and analytical techniques that privilege observation, participation, video recording and transcription of spontaneous interaction (as opposed to experimental tasks or introspection). Topics include language socialization, literacy, music and the visual arts, the power of language, miscommunication, and universal and culture-specific properties of human communication.
Course Texts (all required):
- Laurie Bauer and Peter Trudgill, Eds. (1998). Language and Myths. Penguin Books.
- Lisa Capps and Elinor Ochs (1998). Constructing Panic: The Discourse of Agoraphobia. Harvard University Press.
- A. Duranti, Ed. (2001). Linguistic
Anthropology: A Reader. Blackwell. (Reader)
- H. Morphy. 1998.
Art. London: Phaidon Press.
Study Questions for Lectures
- ASSIGNMENT #1: Analysis of video recorded material (30 points, group project)
- ASSIGNMENT #2: Data Collection and Classification of exchanges (greetings) (30 points)
- ASSIGNMENT #3 :Graphic Illustration of a Key Concept (30 points, group project)
- First test (Midterm) (60 points), Second Test (last week of classes) (90 points), and weekly in-class short tests (total: 40 points - NO MAKE-Ups!).
- Session attendance (20 points)
THE COURSE: GOALS, READINGS, REQUIREMENTS, GRADING
- Introductory remarks and review of syllabus
- What is a theory? Data, Description, and Hypotheses
- An example from music.
THEORY, METHODS, AND DATA
- L. Bauer & P. Trudgill (Eds.) Language Myths [Start reading the book]
METHODS, I: FIELDWORK AND RESEARCH AGENDAS
- Morgan, M.M.. The African-American Speech Community: Reality and Sociolinguistics. Reader, Chapter 3.
- Bauer and Trudgill (Eds.) Language Myths. Read Myth 13: Black Children Are Verbally Deprived, and Myth 14: Double negatives are illogical.
- Capps and Ochs (1995) Constructing Panic. Chapters 1, 2 and 3.
LEARNING TO READ TRANSCRIPTS
- A. Duranti. Hand-out to be distributed in class on transcription as a complex cultural activity that is informed by particular theoretical assumptions and methods.
- Look through the readings for this course to get a sense of different transcription techniques.
Transcription conventions and references.
Examples of Transcribed Greetings.
- ASSIGNMENT #1: Analysis of audio-visual material available on the web (due to your TA two sessions from today or as agreed with your TA)
UNIVERSALS OF HUMAN LANGUAGES AS SOCIO-HISTORICAL ENTITIES
- L. Bauer and P. Trudgill (Eds) Language Myths. (Pay particular attention to the following chapters: Myth 2: Some languages are just not good enough; Myth 7: Some languages are harder than others; Myth 10. Some languages have no grammar; Myth 17: They speak really bad English down south and in New York City; Myth 19: Aborigines speak a primitive language; Myth 20: Everyone has an Accent Except Me)
- Capps and Ochs, Constructing Panic. Chapter 4: A Grammar of panic.
LANGUAGE SOCIALIZATION ACROSS CULTURES
A. 2001. Linguistic Anthropology: History, Ideas, and Issues. In
Reader, pp.23-26 (section 7: 'Language Acquisition
and Language Socialization')
E. & B.B. Schieffelin.
. Language Acquisition and Socialization: Three Developmental Stories and Their Implications. Reader, Chapter 11.
- Capps and Ochs, Constructing Panic. Chapter 9: Socializing Emotion; and Chapter 10: Socializing Anxiety.
LITERACY, AND CLASSROOM INTERACTION
- Heath, S.B.
 What No Bedtime Story Means: Narrative Skills at Home and School.
Reader, Chapter 13.
- Philips, S.U. 1972. Participant
Structures and Communicative Competence: Warm Springs Children in Community
and Classroom. Reader, Chapter 12.
- Bauer and Trudgill (Eds.) Language Myths. Read Myth 8: Children can't speak or write properly anymore.
Review in preparation for midterm exam
Midterm (no blue books needed)
CROSSTALK: THE ROOTS OF MISCOMMUNICATION
VIDEO: "Crosstalk" by
John J. Gumperz (Produced by BBC)
- Bailey, B.
. Communication of Respect in Interethnic Service Encounters. Reader,
LANGUAGES IN CONTACT
Lecture will include a presentation by Steven Black entitled 'Language Ideologies: School Names in South Africa.'
J.J. . The Speech Community. Reader, Chapter 1. [Concentrate on speech community and verbal repertoire].
- Bauer and Trudgill (Eds.) Language Myths. Read Myth 2: Some languages are just not good enough.
D. . The Social Circulation of Media Discourse and the Mediation
of Communities. In Linguistic Anthropology: Reader, Chapter
CREATING SOCIAL IDENTITIES
Presentation by Wendy Klein: "Turban Narratives: Identification and Belonging
among Punjabi Sikh Families in Southern California"
ASSIGNMENT # 2 (Due to your T.A. two sessions from today OR as agreed with your TA)
- Capps and Ochs (1995) Constructing Panic. Chapter 5: Accomodation as a source of panic; Chapter 6: Nonaccommodation as an Outcome of panic; Chapter 7: Paradoxes of panic; Chapter 8: Constructing the irrational woman.
- Bauer and Trudgill (Eds.) Language Myths. Read Myth 6:Women talk too much.
- Baquedano-López. Creating Social Identities through Doctrina Narratives. Reader, Chapter 14.
ACTS, ACTIVITIES, EVENTS: THE FORMULAIC-CREATIVE CONTINUUM
- Duranti, A.
. Universal and Culture-Specific Properties of Greetings. In Linguistic
Anthropology: A Reader, Chapter 9.
- Irvine, J.T.
. Formality and Informality in Communicative Events. In Linguistic
A Reader, Chapter 8.
POWER IN LANGUAGE
- Ochs, E. & C. Taylor.  The "Father Knows Best" Dynamic in Dinnertime Narratives. In Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader, Chapter
- Hill, J.H. . Language, Race, and White Public Space. In Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader, Chapter 20.
- Capps and Ochs (1995) Constructing Panic. Chapter 11: Therapeutic Insights; and Chapter 12: Epilogue: Flying.
ART IN AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: AN INTRODUCTION.
Museo Ettore Guatelli in Ozzano Taro (Parma, Italy)
The Museum of Jurassic Technology.
ASSIGNMENT #3 (30 points)
(Due to your T.A. two sessions from today, unless otherwise specified by your T.A.)
- Howard Morphy.Aboriginal Art.
- Rainforest Soundwalks. Recorded by Steven Feld (EarthEar 2001).
- Voices of the Rainforest . Recorded by Steven Feld (Rykodisk, 1991).
ART IN AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE, 2:THE VISUAL AND RITUAL LIFE
Interview with Fred Myers on Aboriginal Paintings
- Howard Morphy.Aboriginal Art.
ART IN AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE, 3: VERBAL PERFORMANCE
Lecture will include a presentation by Damien Droney (Honors Student, Dept of Anthropology, UCLA) entitled 'Street Art and Marketing in Los Angeles'
- Bauman, R. . Verbal Art as Performance. Reader, Chapter 7.
A. 2001. Linguistic Anthropology: History, Ideas, and Issues. In Reader,
pp. 1-38, (bibliography on pp. 465-79).
The Final Lecture: When Everything Magically Comes Together.
Review Readings for the second part of the course.
SECOND AND FINAL EXAM (no blue books needed)
- Catch up with the readings for the second part of the class.
No Exam during finals week