Study Questions for Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader
Duranti, Alessandro,ed. Blackwell 2001.
Bailey, Communication of Respect
- Why is that good intentions are not sufficient for showing respect?
- What is the difference between what Bailey calls 'involvement politenss' and 'restraint politeness'?
- Describe the difference between socially minimal and socially expanded service encounters.
- What did Bailey learn from recording, transcribing, and analyzing Korean retailers and Korean customers?
- How do assessments (e.g. that's great!, I love it!, or I hate that!) and laughter reveal different interactional strategies?
Baquedano-López, Doctrina Narratives
is the story of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe in the Doctrina
class connected with the students' experiences?
is the narrative constructed as regarding both the past and the
are some of the differences between the story of Nuestra Señora
de Guadalupe in the Doctrina class and in the Catechism class?
does Baquedano-López argue that the telling of the story
is used to build a particular type of identity? Which identity?
How does the identity change from one context to the another?
Bauman, Verbal Art as Performance
is Bauman's definition of performance as a mode of spoken verbal
does it mean to say that performance is constitutive of the domain
of verbal art?
is the kabary?
is the relationship between keying and frame?
are some of the means listed by Bauman as ways of keying performance?
on the examples given by Bauman of verbal art genres in different
societies, can you think of domains of performance that you are
does it mean to say that performance has an emergent quality?
does Bauman say that performers are both admired and feared?
are the universal properties of greetings proposed by Duranti?
those properties, how many kinds of greetings can you identify
in your community?
are the four types of Samoan greetings identified by Duranti?
Goodwin and Goodwin, Emotion Withing Situated Activity
is the view of language that is presupposed and supported by the
is their view of emotions and how do they support such view?
are assessments (e.g. appreciations) done by the man who only has
did you learn about intonation from this article?
Gumperz, Speech Community
is Gumperz's definition of a speech community?
are the criteria you can use to decide the speech communities you
illustrate the difference between diachronic to synchronic studies
in linguistic variation.
is linguistic acculturation?
is a verbal repertoire?
Heath, What Bedtime Story Means
does Heath criticize the literacy/orality dichotomy?
is the literacy event a way of overcoming this dichotomy?
is Heath's working definition of culture?
is the Initiation-Reply-Evaluation sequence? Give Examples.
are the differences among the three communities observed by Heath?
is the connection between this article and Philips'?
Hill, Language, Race & White Public Sphere
are the two ways in which Puerto Ricans in New York City experience
language and what do those ways reveal?
is "Mock Spanish" (and why did Hill decide not to use the term "Junk
Spanish")? Give some examples. Can you extend the same analysis
to other languages?
is the notion of indexicality related to the notion of Mock Spanish
as "covert racist discourse"?
does the adoption of Spanish phrases by Whites compare to their
use of AAE?
Hymes, Communicative Competence
is it important to be more precise about the meaning of formality
and formalized language?
are the four aspects of formality identified by Irvine?
you think of some events or social situations with which you are
familiar and rank them with respect to their level of formality
using Irvine's categories?
are the advantages of decomposing the concept of formality into
separate aspects or properties?
Kroskrity, Arizona Tewa Language Ideology
does linguistic ideology (or language ideology) mean?
were the Arizona Tewa said to be 'linguistically conservative'?
the following concepts with examples: regulation by convention,
indigenous purism, and strict compartmentalization.
is the relationship between Arizona Tewas' ideology of language
and their practice?
Mitchell-Kernan, Signifying and Marking: Two Afro-American Speech Acts
are some of the features of signifying discussed by Mitchell-Kernan?
the significance of "marking" to the African American speech community.
is signifying a form of "counterlanguage?"
do we see examples of "indexicality" at work in "marking" and "signifying"?
is the relationship between Mitchell-Kernan's article and Bauman's?
Morgan, African American Speech Community
was the controversy over the court case involving Black English
discussed by Morgan?
some examples of what Labov calls "Black English Vernacular" (BEV)
(and Morgan calls African American English (AAE).
are the 3 perspectives from which African American scholars looked
is the stereotype of the AAE speaker criticized by Morgan?
does Morgan argue that one needs to take into consideration the
ideological implications of linguistic descriptions?
Ochs and Schieffelin, Three Developmental Stories
it true that to help children learn to speak, mothers must talk
to them as early as possible and in the most simplified way (use "Motherese")?
people in all society believe that the child's first word is "mama" (or
its local translation)?
are the two meanings of 'language socialization'?
is the "paradox of familiarity" discussed by Ochs and Schieffelin?
are the three "developmental stories" presented by Ochs and Schieffelin?
are some of the behaviors that characterize white middle class
caregivers when they interact with infants?
do Kaluli mothers describe their babies? Do they talk to them?
When? How? How do they hold the babies? What do these behavior
is speaking for the infant among the Kaluli evaluated by Ochs and
do the Kaluli think language begins for a child?
are some examples in which Kaluli mothers teach the child what
to say? What does èlèma mean?
Kaluli have 'baby talk'? Do Samoans have 'baby talk'?
are some of the differences between the Kaluli social system and
the Samoan system?
an utterance is unclear who is responsible in Samoa for clarifying
kind of typology of socialization and caregiver speech patterns
is proposed by Ochs and Schieffelin? (hint: be prepared to describe
and discuss the two strategies: i) "adapt situation to the child" and
ii) "adapt child to situation").
what sense does the study of language socialization merge two different
traditions of research (linguistic and anthropological studies)?
Ochs and Taylor, Father Knows Best
is the "Father Knows Best" ideology and how is it reproduced through
the dinner narratives analyzed by Ochs and Taylor?
is their definition of "story"?
the following narrative roles: protagonist, introducer, primary
recipient, problematizer, problematizee.
are the implications for being a protagonist and which members
of the family tend to be protagonist?
are the differences between men and women in the dynamics of narrating
at dinner time?
Philips, Warm Spring Children in Community and Classrooms
are the different types of participant structures observed by Philips?
does Philips connect the different types of participant structures
to students' earlier life experience and socialization?
are some of the differences in the role of speaking among Indian
and non-Indian children?
Silverstein, Limits of Awareness
Spitulnik, Media Discourse
Spitulnik article illustrate how mass media serves as "reservoir
and reference point" for the circulation of words
phrases, and discours styles in popular culture.
is the "social charged life" of certain linguistic styles?
does the notion of "heteroglossia" apply to the phenomena discussed
by Spitulnik? (see hand-out, lecture notes)
does Spitulniks case study call into question the concept of a "speech
Whorf, Habitual Thought
does Whorf mean by objectification? Give some examples.
does the example of "empty" illustrate?
does Whorf illustrate the difference between the concept of time
in Hopi and in English?
does Whorf relate the concentration on preparation among the
Hopi to their language structure?