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Asian Pacific American Labor Organizing: An Annotated Bibliography, Part I: Historical Struggles, 1840s – 1960s

By Glenn Omatsu

Section D to G:

Daniel, Cletus E., Bitter Harvest: A History of California Farmworkers, 1870-1941 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981). Overview of farmworker organizing in Califonria.

Daniels, Roger, Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1988). Overview of Asian American history.

Daniels, Roger, The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962). Includes analysis of the role of U.S. union leaders agitating for exclusion of Japanese immigrants.

Das, Rajani K., Hindustani Workers on the Pacific Coast (Berlin: W. De Gruyter, 1923). Overview of laborers from India working on the Pacific Coast.

Dawley, Alan and Joe William Trotter, Jr., "Race and Class," Labor History 35:4 (Fall 1994):486-494. Review of scholarship on U.S. labor movement.

Daws, Gavan, Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1968; reprinted in 1971). Includes information on labor struggles of early Asian immigrants.

Deng, Shusheng, "Chinese Americans: A Review of Their Past and Present," Beijing Review 31 (July 4, 1988):34-36. Includes information on ways early Chinese immigrants organized against racism in America.

De Vera, Arleen, "Without Parallel: The Local 7 Deportation Cases, 1949-1955," Amerasia Journal 20:2 (1994):1-25. Filipino immigrant labor leaders fight for justice and against deportation.

DeWitt, Howard, Anti-Filipino Movements in California: A History, Bibliography and Study Guide (San Francisco: R & E Research Associates, 1976). Anti-Filipino agitation, especially from union leaders.

DeWitt, Howard, "The Filipino Labor Union: The Salinas Lettuce Strike of 1934," Amerasia Journal 5:2 (1978):1-22. Role of Filipino immigrants in fighting for justice.

DeWitt, Howard, Violence in the Fields: California Filipino Farm Labor Unionism during the Great Depression (Saratoga: Century Twenty One Publishing, 1980). Overview of historical farm labor struggles in California.

DeWitt, Howard, "The Watsonville Anti-Filipino Riot of 1930: A Case Study of the Great Depression and Ethnic Conflict in California," Southern California Quarterly 61:3 (1979). Anti-Filipino violence by white workers.

Doho, Los Angeles, 1937-1943. A semi-monthly published in Los Angeles and edited by Shuji Fujii.

Duus, Masayo Umezawa, The Japanese Conspiracy: The Oahu Sugar Strike of 1920 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994). Analysis of the largest strike in Hawaiian history.

"An 1886 Chinese Labor Boycott in Los Angeles," Gum Saan Journal 8:2 (June 1985). Anti-Chinese agitation by early American union leaders.

Embrey, Sue Kunitomi, Arthur A. Hansen, and Betty Kulberg Mitson, eds., Manzanar Martyr: An Interview with Harry Y. Ueno (Fullerton: Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton, 1986). Information about the Mess Hall Workers’ Union at Manzanar concentration camp during World War II.

Espiritu, Yen Le, "Colonial Oppression, Labour Importation, and Group Formation: Filipinos in the United States," Ethnic and Racial Studies 19:1 (1996). Focuses on pre-World War II Filipino agricultural laborers.

Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, 1924 Filipino Strike (Honolulu: Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, University of Hawai‘i, Manoa, June 1979). Oral histories of strike participants.

Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, Life Histories of Native Hawaiians (Honolulu: Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, University of Hawai‘i, Manoa, November 1978). Includes perspectives on sugarcane plantations.

Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, Uchinanchu: A History of Okinawans in Hawaii (Honolulu: Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, University of Hawai‘i, Manoa, 1981). Includes oral histories of early sugar plantation workers.

Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, Waialuua and Haleiwa: The People Tell Their Story (Honolulu: Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, University of Hawai‘i, 1980). Interviews of plantation workers.

Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, Women Workers in Hawaii’s Pineapple Industry, two volumes (Honolulu: Ethnic Studies Oral History Project, University of Hawai‘i, Manoa, June 1979). Interviews of plantation workers.

Federal Writers’ Project, Unionization of Filipinos in California Agriculture (Oakland: Federal Writers’ Project, 1939. Includes information about Filipino immigrant labor struggles in the agricultural fields.

Federation of Japanese Labor in Hawaii, The Controversy between Japanese Labor and the Sugar Planters of Hawaii (Honolulu: Federation of Japanese Labor in Hawai‘i, 1920). Efforts of Japanese immigrant plantation to fight for better wages and working conditions.

Federation of Japanese Labor in Hawai‘i, The Voice of Labor in Hawaii (Honolulu: Federation of Japanese Labor in Hawai‘i, 1920). Perspectives of Japanese immigrant labor leaders.

Flaherty, Stacy A., "Boycott in Butte: Organized Labor and the Chinese Community, 1986-97," Montana 37:1 (1987):34-47. Anti-Chinese agitation by early American union leaders.

Fong, Patricia M., "The 1938 National Dollar Store Strike," Asian American Review 2:1 (1975):182-200. Chinese American retail workers organize for justice and dignity.

Foy, Stephen Anthony, "Western Law, Plantation Practice, and the Development of Filipino Working-Class Consciousness in Hawai‘i," M.A. thesis, University of Hawai‘i at Manoa, 1992. Information about Filipino labor struggles in Hawai‘i.

Frank, Dana, "Race Relations and the Seattle Labor Movement, 1915-1925," Pacific Northwest Quarterly 86:1 (Winter 1994/95):35-44. Covers Japanese immigrants, African Americans and the Seattle labor movement.

Franks, Joel S., "Boot and Shoemakers in19th Century San Francisco, 1860-1892: A Study of Class, Culture, Ethnicity, and Popular Protest in an Industrializing Community," Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 1984. Anti-Asian agitation among white workers.

Friday, Chris, "Asian American Labor History: What Do We Do?" Amerasia Journal 26:1 (2000):181-205. Overview of research by Asian American labor historians.

Friday, Chris, "Asian American Labor History and Historical Interpretation," Labor History 35:4 (Fall 1994):524-546. Situates work of Asian American labor historians in the larger framework of critical issues facing labor history.

Friday, Chris, Organizing Asian American Labor: The Pacific Coast Canned-Salmon Industry, 1870-1942 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994). Labor organizing among Chinese, Filipino, and Japanese immigrants in the Pacific Coast fishing industry.

Frish, Paul A., "Gilbraltar of Unionism: Women, Blacks, and the Anti-Chinese Movement in Butte, Montana," Southwest Economy and Society (1984):3-13. Role of anti-Chinese racism in the forging of American unions.

Fuchs, Lawrence H., Hawaii Pono: A Social History (New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961). Focus on critical role of unions in the development of politics in Hawai‘i.

Fuchs, Lawrence H., "Two Faces of Capitalism," Journal of American Ethnic History 6:2 (1987):56-62. Review essay concerning Asian immigrant workers.

Gardner, Arthur I., The Koreans in Hawaii: An Annotated Bibliography (Honolulu: Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawai‘i, 1970). Includes citations relating to Korean immigrant laborers on Hawaiian plantations.

Gardner, Martha Mabie, "Working on White Womanhood: White Working Women in the San Francisco Anti-Chinese Movement, 1877-1890," Journal of Social History 33:1 (1999):73-95. Impact of anti-Chinese immigrant agitation on white working women’s consciousness.

Gee, Emma, "Issei: The First Women," Asian Women (Berkeley: Asian Women, 1971). Through personal stories of early immigrants, the author describes the experiences, including work, of early Japanese immigrant women.

Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, "The Dialectics of Wage Work: Japanese-American Women and Domestic Service, 1905-1940," Feminist Studies 6:3 (1980):432-471. Concentration of Japanese American women in domestic work.

Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, "From Servitude to Service Work: Historical Continuities in the Racial Division of Paid Reproductive Labor," Signs 18:1 (1992):1-43. Concentration of Japanese American women in domestic work.

Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, Issei, Nisei, War Bride: Three Generations of Japanese American Women in Domestic Service (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986). Includes analyses of Japanese American women’s labor.

Glick, Clarence, Sojourners and Settlers: Chinese Migrants in Hawaii (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1980). Includes information on early labor struggles of Chinese immigrants on Hawaiian plantations.

Gonzales, Alan, "Filipino Farm Workers in American History," Kalayaan International 1:2 (July 1971). Overview of Filipino American labor history.

Goto, Baron, "Ethnic Groups and the Coffee Industry in Hawaii," Hawaiian Journal of History 16 (1982):112-124. Includes information on labor struggles of Asian immigrants.

Guimary, Donald and Jack Masson, "The Exploitation of Chinese Labor in the Alaska Salmon Industry," Chinese America: History and Perspectives (1990):91-106. Role of Chinese immigrants in the salmon industry.

Guimary, Donald and Jack Masson, "Filipinos in Alaska: How Pinoys Helped Build the World’s Largest Canned Salmon Industry," Ala-Ala, Journal of Filipino History and Culture 1 (1988):7-18. Role of Filipino immigrants in the Alaskan canned salmon industry.

Gyory, Andrew and Stanford M. Lyman, "An Exchange: Organized Labor and Chinese Immigration," New Politics 29 (2000):151-167. Contrasting interpretations of attitudes of early American unions toward Chinese immigrant workers.









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