At a Glance...



Independent India

Partition of India

Death of an Empire
(Ashis Nandy)

Partitioned Selves...

Partition of India-

Democracy & the Indian Polity

Cultural Politics of the
National Flag

Indira Gandhi

Rajiv Gandhi

Sonia Gandhi

Lal Bahadur

Abul Kalam Azad

Sardar Patel

Sweets and


Indians and the Guiness
Book of Records

Anti-terrorist legislation

Indian History










Select Research Bibliography on the Partition of India

Compiled by Vinay Lal, Department of History, UCLA


I: Official and Semi-Official Documents:


A: The British Perspective


Campbell-Johnson, Alan. Mission with Mountbatten. London: Hale, 1982; reprinted, New York: Atheneum, 1986.

Mansergh, N.; Lumby, E. W. R.; and Moon, Penderel, eds. India: The Transfer of Power 1942-1947. 12 vols. London: HMSO, 1970-1983.

Moon, Penderel. Divide and Quit. Delhi: Oxford UP, 1998 [1961].

Philips, C. H. and Wainwright, M. D., eds. The Partition of India: Policies and Perspectives 1935-47. London: Allen and Unwin, 1970.

B: The Pakistani Perspective


Government of Pakistan. Disturbances in the Punjab 1947: A Compilation of Official Documents. Islamabad, 1995.

The Partition of Punjab: A Compilation of Official Documents. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel, 1993.

Pirzada, Syed Sharifuddin, ed. Foundations of Pakistan: All-India Muslim League Documents, 1906-1947. Karachi: National Publishing House, 1970. 2 vols. Volume 1: 1906-1924; Volume 2: 1924-1947.

West Punjab Government. Note on the Sikh Plan. Lahore: Superintendent, Government Printing, 1948.

West Punjab Government. RSS in the Punjab. Lahore: Superintendent, Government Printing, 1948.

West Punjab Government. The Sikhs in Action. Lahore: Superintendent, Government Printing, 1948.

C: The Indian Perspective


Chopra, P. N., ed. Towards Freedom: Documents on the Movement for Independence in India, 1937. Delhi: Oxford UP, 1986.

Gupta, P. S., ed. . Towards Freedom: Documents on the Movement for Independence in India, 1942-1944. Delhi: Oxford UP, 1997.

Menon, V. P. The Transfer of Power in India. Bombay: Orient Longman, 1957.

Singh, Kirpal, ed. Select Documents on Partition of Punjab -- 1947, India and Pakistan. Delhi: National Bookshop, 1991.

Talib, G. S., ed. Muslim League Attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947. New Delhi: SGPC, reprinted 1991.

D: Other Compilations of Official Records:


Sadullah, Mian Muhammad, compiler. The Partition of the Punjab 1947. Lahore: National Documentation Centre, 1983. 4 vols. Part II of Volume 1 contains the memoranda and representations submitted to the Punjab Boundary Commission by the Congress, Muslim League, the Sikhs, and others; Volume II contains the proceedings of the commission, or the oral arguments made before the commission; Volume III carries the reports of the members of the Commission, and Volume IV contains large-sized reproductions of maps. This is an indispensable collection.

II: History/Historiography


Ahmad, Aijaz. " ‘Tryst with destiny’ -- free but divided." India (15 August 1997), Special Number, pp. 21-28.

Ahmed, Ishtiaq. "The 1947 Partition of India: A Paradigm for Pathological Politics in India and Pakistan", Asian Ethnicity 3, no. 1 (March 2002).

Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam. India Wins Freedom. New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1959; new ed., 1988.

Bhattarcharjea, Ajit. Countdown to Partition: The Final Days. New Delhi: HarperCollins, 1998.

Brasted, H. V. and Bridge, Carl. "The Transfer of Power in South Asia: An Historiographical Review." South Asia 17, no. 1 (1994), pp. 93-114.

Chatterji, Joya. Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and Partition, 1932-1947. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994.

Chatterji, Joya. "The Fashioning of a Frontier: The Radcliffe Line and Bengal’s Border Landscape, 1947-52." Modern Asian Studies 33, no. 1 (1999), pp. 185-242.

Copland, I. "The Further Shores of Partition: Ethnic Cleansing in Rajasthan, 1947." Past and Present, no. 160 (August 1998).

French, Patrick. Liberty or Death: India’s Journey to Independence and Division. London, 1997.

Gilmartin, David. Empire and Islam: Punjab and the Making of Pakistan. London: Oxford UP, 1988.

Guhathakurta, Meghna. "Understanding the Bengal Partition through reconstructing family histories: a Case Study", Journal of Social Studies 76 (April 1997), pp. 57-65..

Hasan, Murhirul. Legacy of a Divided Nation: India’s Muslims Since Independence. New Delhi: Oxford, 1997.

Hasan, Mushirul. "Memories of a Fragmented Nation: Rewriting the Histories of India’s Partition." Economic and Political Weekly 33, no. 41 (10 October 1998), pp. 2662-68. [Also included in Hasan, Inventing Boundaries {see below}, pp. 27-44]

Hasan, Mushirul, ed. India’s Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilization. New Delhi: Oxford UP, 1993.

Hasan, Mushirul, ed. Inventing Boundaries: Gender, Politics and the Partition of India. Delhi: Oxford UP, 2000.

Hodson, H. V. The Great Divide: Britain-India-Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford UP, 1993 [1969].

Jalal, Ayesha. The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1985.

Jalal, Ayesha. "Conjuring Pakistan: History as Official Imagining." International Journal of Middle East Studies 8, no. 4 (1974).

Jalal, Ayesha. "Secularists, Subalterns, and the Stigma of ‘Communalism’: Partition Historiography Revisited." Indian Economic and Social History Review 33, no. 1 (1996), pp. 93-103.

Jalal, Ayesha. "Nation, Reason and Religion: Punjab’s Role in the Partition of India." Economic and Political Weekly 33, no. 32 (8 August 1998), pp. 2183-90.

Jha, P. S. Kashmir, 1947: Rival Versions of History. Delhi: Oxford UP, 1996.

Khosla, G. D. Stern Reckoning: A Survey of the Events Leading Up to and following the Partition of India. New Delhi: Oxford, 1989 [1949].

Kumar, Ravinder, ed. "Partition Historiography: Some Reflections." In India’s Partition, Prelude and Legacies, eds. Ramakand R. Mahan (Jaipur: Rawat, 1998).

Lamb, Alistair. Birth of a Tragedy: Kashmir 1947. Hertingfordbury: Roxford Books, 1994.

Lohia, Ram Manohar. Guilty Men of India’s Partition. Allahabad: Navahind, 1960.

Low, D. A. and Brasted, Howard, eds. Freedom, Trauma, Continuities: Northern India and Independence. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998.

Lumby, E. W. R. The Transfer of Power. London: Allen, 1954.

Mandelbaum, David G. "Hindu-Moslem Conflict in India", The Middle East Journal 1, no. 4 (October 1947), pp. 369-385.

Michel, A. A. The Indus Rivers: A Study of the Effects of Partition. New Haven: Yale UP, 1967.

Moore, R. J. Escape from Empire: The Atlee Government and the Indian Problem. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1982.

Mosley, Leonard. The Last Days of the Raj. London, 1961.

Naim, C. M., ed. Iqbal, Jinnah and Pakistan: The Vision and the Reality. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1979.

Pandey, B. N. The Break-up of British India. London: Macmillan, 1969.

Pandey, Gyanendra. "The Prose of Otherness." In David Arnold and David Hardiman (eds.), Subaltern Studies VIII: Essays in Honour of Ranajit Guha, pp. 188-221. Delhi: Oxford UP, 1994.

Samaddar, Ranabir, ed. Reflections on Partition in the East. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1997.

Sherwani, L. A. The Partition of India and Mountbatten. Karachi: Council for Pakistan Studies, 1986.

Singh, Anita Inder. The Origins of the Partition of India, 1936-1947. New Delhi: Oxford UP, 1987.

Talbot, Ian. Freedom’s Cry: The Popular Dimension in the Pakistan Movement and Partition Experience in Northwest India. Karachi: Oxford UP, 1996.

Talbot, Ian and Gurharpal Singh, eds. Region and Partition: Bengal, Punjab and the Partition of the Subcontinent. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Tinker, Hugh. Experiment with Freedom, India and Pakistan 1947. London: Oxford UP, 1967.

Yong, Tan Tai and Kudaisya, Gyanesh. The Aftermath of Partition in South Asia. London: Routledge, 2000.


III: Fiction and Literary Studies


Bhalla, Alok. Stories about the Partition of India. 3 vols. New Delhi: HarperCollins, 1994.

Bhalla, Alok. The Life and Works of Saadat Hasan Manto. Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 1997.

Cowasjee, S. and Duggal, K. S., eds. Orphans of the Storm: Stories on the Partition of India. New Delhi: UBS Publishers, 1995.

Hasan, Murhirul, ed. India Partitioned: The Other Face of Freedom. 2 vols. New Delhi: Roli Books, 1995.

Manto, Saadat Hasan. Kingdom’s End and Other Stories. Trans. Khalid Hasan. Delhi: Penguin, 1987.

Manto, Saadat Hasan. Partition Sketches and Stories. New Delhi: Viking, 1991.

Manto, Saadat Hasan. Black Milk: A Collection of Short Stories. Trans. Hamid Jalal. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1997.

Memon, M. U. An Epic Unwritten: The Penguin Book of Partition Stories. New Delhi: Penguin, 1998.

Mufti, Aamir. "A Greater Story-writer than God: Genre, Gender and Minority in Late Colonial India", in Subaltern Studies XI: Community, Gender and Violence, eds. Partha Chatterjee and Pradeep Jeganathan (Delhi: Permanent Black; New York: Columbia UP, 2000), pp. 2-36.


Rai, Alok. "The Trauma of Independence: Some Aspects of Progressive Hindi Literature." Journal of Arts and Ideas 6 (1984) [also included in Hasan, Inventing Boundaries, pp. 351-370].

Ravikant and Saint, Tarun K., eds. Translating Partition. New Delhi: Katha, 2001.

Sahni, Bhisham. Tamas [English tr.]. New Delhi: Penguin, 1988.

Singh, Khushwant. Train to Pakistan. London: Chatto and Windus, 1956.

IV: Victims and their Voices; Memoirs; Eyewitnesses


Anand, Som. Lahore: Portrait of a Lost City. Lahore: Vanguard Books, 1998.

Bourke-White, Margaret. Halfway to Freedom: A Report on the New India in the Words and Photos of Margaret Bourke-White. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1949.

Butalia, Urvashi. "Blood." Granta, no. 57 (Spring 1997), pp. 13-22.

Butalia, Urvashi, ed. The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India. New Delhi: Penguin, 1998.

"Freedom." Photographs by Sanjeev Saith. Granta, no. 57 (Spring 1997), pp. 23-38.

Kidwai, Begum A. Azadi ki Chhaon Main. Delhi: National Book Trust, 1990.

Nandy, Ashis. "The Death of an Empire." Persimmon

Nevile, P. Lahore: A Sentimental Journey. New Delhi: Penguin, 1993.

Salim, Ahmad. Lahore 1947. New Delhi: India Research Press, 2001.

V: Sociology, Psychology, Politics, Critical and Cultural Studies


Alam, Javeed and Sharma, Suresh. "Remembering Partition." Seminar, no. 461 (1998).

Alter, Stephen. Amritsar to Lahore: A Journey Across the India-Pakistan Border. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Chakrabarti, Prafulla. The Marginal Men The Refugees and the Left -- Political Experiment in West Bengal. Calcutta: Lumiere, 1990.

Chaudhary, M. Partition and the Curse of Rehabilitation. Calcutta: Bengal Rehabilitation Organization, 1964.

Das, Veena. "National Honour and Practical Kinship: Of Unwanted Women and Children." In her Critical Events: An Anthropological Perspective on Contemporary India, pp. 55-84. New Delhi: Oxford UP, 1995.

Das, Veena and Nandy, Ashis. "Violence, Victimhood and the Language of Silence." In Veena Das (ed)., The Word and the World: Fantasy, Symbol and Record. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1986.

Kalra, Virinder S. and Purewal, Navtej K. "The Strut of the Peacocks: Partition, Travel and the Indo-Pak Border." In Travel Worlds: Journeys in Contemporary Cultural Politics, eds. Raminder Kaur and John Hutnyk (London: Zed Press, 1999), pp. 54-67.

Menon, Ritu and Bhasin, Kamla. Borders and Boundaries: Women in India’s Partition. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1998.

Nandy, Ashis. "The Invisible Holocaust and the Journey as an Exodus." Postcolonial Studies 2, no. 3 (1999).

Randhawa, M.S. Out of the Ashes: An Account of the Rehabilitation of Refugees from West Pakistan in Rural Areas of East Punjab. Bombay, 1954.

Sen, Geeti (ed.). Crossing Boundaries. Delhi: Indian International Centre, 1997. [First published as a theme issue of the India International Centre Quarterly.]

VI: Special Journal Issues on the Partition:


Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, Vol. 1, no. 2 (1999): Special Topic, "The Partition of the Indian Sub-Continent", edited by Ritu Menon.

South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, vol. 18 (1995), Special issue, "North India: Partition and Independence".

History Today 47, no. 9 (September 1997).