Abstract for When 'Others' Initiate Repair
Emanuel A. Schegloff: "When 'Others' Initiate
Repair," Applied Linguistics,21:2, 205-243, 2000.
Early work on repair (Schegloff et al. 1977) had
proposed that virtually all repair initiated by
other than speaker of the trouble-source turn was
initiated in the turn following the trouble-source
turn. Such repair often came to be identified with
this locus of initiation, being termed NTRI - an
acronym derived from 'next turn repair
initiation'. Subsequent work (Schegloff 1992)
described another location in which 'other-
initiated repair' is initiated-termed 'fourth
position'. This paper revisits this issue and
elaborates the locus of other-initiated repair.
It reports on a number of environments in which
'others' initiate repair in turns later than the
one directly following the trouble-source turn
(without, however, occupying fourth position),
and it describes several ways in which other-
initiation of repair which occurs in next-turn
position may be delayed within that position.
These positionings of repair initiation in
conversation among native speakers of English are
briefly compared with a proposal by Wong that
other-initiated repair by non-nativespeakers may
regularly be delayed. A postscript suggests the
prospect that studies of non-native speaker
participation in talk-in-interaction be treated
as not separable from the study of talk-in-
interaction more generally.