Curriculum Vitae: Marc Trachtenberg  (April 2024)


University of California, Berkeley: A.B. (1966), M.A. (1967), Ph.D. (1974)

Honors and Grants:

Woodrow Wilson Fellow (1966-67)

Special Career (NDEA Title IV) Fellow (1968-71)

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Stipend (1975)

American Philosophical Society Grant (1977)

Social Science Research Council Research Training Fellow (economics) (1977-78)

Guggenheim Fellow (1983-84)

SSRC/MacArthur International Peace and Security Fellow (1986-88, 1990-91)

German Marshall Fund Fellow(1994-95)

Visiting Scholar, Center for International Studies and Program in Science, Technology and Society, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1986-88)

Adjunct Research Fellow, Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (1986-87)

Visiting Fellow, Center of International Studies, Princeton University (1994-1995)

Distinguished Scholar Award, International Studies Association, International Security Studies Section (2021)


Assistant Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania, 1974-80

Associate Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania, 1980-1991

Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania, 1991-2001

Professor of Political Science, University of California at Los Angeles, 2001-2015;  Professor Emeritus of Political Science, University of California at Los Angeles, 2015-

Visiting Associate Professor of Politics, Brandeis University, 1989

Adjunct Associate Professor and then Adjunct Professor, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, 1989, 1994

Adjunct Associate Professor, Political Science Department, Columbia University, 1990

Visiting Professor of History, Yale University, 1992 and 1996-97


Reparation in World Politics: France and European Economic Diplomacy, 1916-1923 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1980)

Editor of The Development of American Strategic Thought, 6 vols. (New York: Garland, 1988)

History and Strategy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991)

A Constructed Peace: The Making of the European Settlement, 1945-1963 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999)
Winner of the American Historical Association's George Louis Beer Prize (for European international history since 1895) and of the AHA's Paul Birdsall Prize (for European military and strategic history since 1870).

A roundtable discussion of this book appeared in H-Diplo in August 2000.  To find the roundtable, search for the title of the book on the H-Net search engine;  limit the search for the logs for that month.

The Internet supplement includes a discussion of declassification analysis, one of the methods used in the book, plus some additional material relating to that subject posted in 2013, plus a number of appendices to the book. 
I’m also including here the
full text of manuscript as originally submitted to the publisher. This includes a lot of material, especially in the footnotes, that had to be edited out of the final version.  This text keyword searchable.
Finally, I’ve scanned the documents I collected when when I did the research for this book and am making them available here.  The
introduction to this collection provides links to the scanned files.  Those files, incidentally, have been OCR’d and are also keyword searchable.

Editor of Between Empire and Alliance: America and Europe during the Cold War (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003)

The Craft of International History: A Guide to Method (Princeton University Press, 2006).
            Online appendices:
                        Appendix I: Identifying the Scholarly Literature (
                        Appendix II: Working with Primary Sources (

            Chapter 1 (link)

            Chapter 4 (link)

            Whole book (link)

A roundtable discussion on "International Relations Theory and Diplomatic History," focusing on a paper called “Theory and Diplomatic History” (drawn from chapter two of this book), with contributions by Robert Jervis, Donald Kagan, Eliot Cohen, and Fraser Harbutt, and also including a rejoinder I wrote, appeared in Historically Speaking, vol. 8, no. 2 (November-December 2006).

H-Diplo also published a roundtable on this book in December 2007 (edited by Patrick Finney, who also wrote the introduction, and with contributions by Antony Best, John Ferris, Petra Goedde, Geoff Roberts, and with my reply). If that link doesn’t work, you can search for the title of the book on the H-Net search engine.

A Chinese translation of this book was published in Taiwan in 2010 (link—with link to Chinese translation of the first chapter).  A Japanese translation, with an introduction for the Japanese reader, was published in 2022 (link to intro in English)

The Cold War and After:  History, Theory, and the Logic of International Politics (Princeton University Press, 2012)
            Chapter 1 (

H-Diplo also did a roundtable on this book in September 2012 (link).         



“‘A New Economic Order’: Etienne Clémentel and French Economic Diplomacy during the First World War,” French Historical Studies (Fall 1977) (
pdf version)

“The Social Interpretation of Foreign Policy,” Review of Politics (July 1978) (pdf version)

“Reparation at the Paris Peace Conference” (with comments and reply), Journal of Modern History (March 1979); republished in part in William R. Keylor, ed., The Legacy of the Great War: Peacemaking, 1919 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998) (pdf version)

“Poincaré's Deaf Ear: The Otto Wolff Affair and French Ruhr Policy, August-September 1923,” The Historical Journal, 24:3 (1981) (pdf version)

“Poincaré eut-il en 1923 une politique rhénane?” Revue d'histoire diplomatique (1981) (pdf)

“Versailles after Sixty Years,” Journal of Contemporary History (1982) (pdf version)

“Keynes Triumphant: A Study in the Social History of Economic Ideas,” Knowledge and Society, vol. 4 (1983) (link)

"Strategists, Philosophers and the Nuclear Question," Ethics 95:3 (April 1985), republished in Russell Hardin et al, Nuclear Deterrence: Ethics and Strategy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985) (pdf version)

"The Influence of Nuclear Weapons in the Cuban Missile Crisis," International Security 10:1 (Summer 1985) (pdf version);  selected documents with introduction (pdf)

"The Question of No-First-Use," Orbis 29:4 (Winter 1986) (link)

“A ‘Wasting Asset’: American Strategy and the Shifting Nuclear Balance, 1949-54,” International Security 13:3, (Winter 1988-89) (pdf version)

“Strategic Thought in America, 1952-66,” Political Science Quarterly 104:2 (Summer 1989) (pdf version).

“Worum geht es bei der Kernwaffenfrage?” in Uwe Nerlich and Trutz Rendtoff, eds., Nukleare Abschreckung: Politische und ethische Interpretationen einer neuen Realität (Baden Baden, 1989). Original (unpublished) English-language version, “What is the Nuclear Question?” (Word conversion from old PC-write program)

“American Thinking on Nuclear War,” in C.G. Jacobsen, ed., Strategic Power: USA/USSR (London: Macmillan, 1990) (pdf)

“New Light on the Missile Crisis?” Diplomatic History (Spring 1990) (pdf version)

“The Nuclearization of NATO and U.S.-West European Relations,” in John Gillingham and Francis Heller, eds, NATO, the Integration of Europe and the Atlantic Alliance (London, 1991) (pdf)

“The Past and Future of Arms Control,” Daedalus (Winter 1991), reprinted in Emanuel Adler, ed., The International Practice of Arms Control (pdf version)

“The Meaning of Mobilization in 1914,” International Security 15:3, Winter 1990-91, reprinted in Steven Miller et al, Military Strategy and the Origins of the First World War (Princeton, 1991) (pdf version) This is an abbreviated version of the article on the July Crisis published in the History and Strategy book (pdf version). Correspondence relating to this article was published in International Security 16:1 (Summer 1991) (pdf version)

“L'ouverture des archives américaines: vers de nouvelles perspectives,” in Maurice Vaïsse, ed., L'Europe et la Crise de Cuba (Paris, 1993) (Word version); Italian translation in Leopoldo Nuti, I Missile di Ottobre: La Storiografia Americana e la Crisi Cubana dell'Ottobre 1962 (Milan, 1994). English language version (never published, and somewhat different from the French version--this was actually written after the French version): Word version

“Intervention in Historical Perspective,” in Carl Kaysen and Laura Reed, eds., Emerging Norms of Justified Intervention (Cambridge, MA, 1993) (Word version)

“La formation du système de défense occidentale: les Etats-Unis, la France et MC 48,” in Maurice Vaïsse, Pierre Mélandri and Frédéric Bozo, La France et l'OTAN, 1949-1996 (Paris, 1996) (Word version).  A somewhat revised English-language version was published in the Cold War and After book.

“The Myth of Potsdam,” in B. Heuser et al, eds., Myths in History (Providence, RI and Oxford: Berghahn, 1998) (Word version)

“The Past Under Siege,” The Wall Street Journal, July 17, 1998. Republished in Elizabeth Fox-Genovese and Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn, Reconstructing History: The Emergence of a New Historical Society (New York and London: Routledge, 1999), and (in Portuguese) as “O Passado Debaixo de Cerco,” in Nova Cidadania, Número 1, Verão 1999, pp. 59-61.(html version)

“Making Grand Strategy: The Early Cold War Experience in Retrospect,” SAIS Review, 19:1 (Winter-Spring 1999) (html version)

“The United States, France, and the Question of German Power, 1945-1960,” in Stephen Schuker, ed., Deutschland und Frankreich vom Konflikt zur Aussöhnung: Die Gestaltung der westeuropäischen Sicherheit 1914-1963, Schriften des Historischen Kollegs, Kolloquien 46 (Munich: Oldenbourg, 2000) (Word version) (pdf version). This was originally a paper given at a conference at the Historisches Kolleg in August 1997.

“The Making of a Political System: The German Question in International Politics, 1945-1963,” in Paul Kennedy and William Hitchcock, eds., From War to Peace: Altered Strategic Landscapes in the Twentieth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000). (Word version)

“Versailles Revisited” (Review of Manfred Boemeke, Gerald Feldman and Elisabeth Glaser, The Treaty of Versailles: A Reassessment after 75 Years. Cambridge, UK: German History Institute, Washington, and Cambridge University Press, 1998), Security Studies 9:2 (Spring 2000), 191-205 (Word version) (pdf version)

“De Gaulle, Moravcsik, and Europe,” Journal of Cold War Studies, 2:3 (Fall 2000), 101-116 (pdf version). Comment on Andrew Moravcsik's “De Gaulle between Grain and Grandeur: The Political Economy of French EC Policy, 1958-1970,” ibid., 2:2-3 (Spring-Fall 2000)

“America, Europe, and German Rearmament, August-September 1950” [with Christopher Gehrz], Journal of European Integration History 6:2 (December 2000), 9-35 (pdf version). This is a contribution to a special issue of that journal on U.S.-European relations, 1950-1974 for which I was the guest editor. A slightly revised version has been published in Marc Trachtenberg, ed., Between Empire and Alliance: America and Europe during the Cold War (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003) (Word version). Internet supplement (unpublished documents cited in the article reproduced in pdf format). Another version of this paper was published in the Cold War and After book.

“New Light on the Cold War?” Diplomacy and Statecraft 12:4 (December 2001), 10-17 (Word version) (pdf version)

“A Military Coalition in Time of Peace: America, Europe and the NATO Alliance, 1949-1962,” written for a conference on coalition warfare at the U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, October 8, 1998, and published in Dennis Showalter, ed., Future Wars: Coalition Operations in Global Strategy (Chicago: Imprint Publications, 2002) (Word version)

“The Origins of the Historical Society: A Personal View,” Historically Speaking (June 2003) (word version)

“France and the German Question, 1945-1955” [with Michael Creswell], Journal of Cold War Studies 5:3 (Summer 2003) (with responses and a rejoinder) (pdf version of article)

“The Bush Strategy in Historical Perspective,” in James Wirtz and Jeffrey Larsen, eds., Nuclear Transformation: The New U.S. Nuclear Doctrine (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005) (Word version)

“The Iraq Crisis and the Future of the Western Alliance,” in David M. Andrews. ed., The Atlantic Alliance Under Stress (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005) (proofs on pdf) (word version, more fully footnoted, with direct links to documents cited). A forum on this book (with certain comments on my article and with my response) was published in the Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 19:1 (March 2006).

“The Question of Realism: An Historian's View,” Security Studies, 13:1 (Fall 2003) (pdf) (reprinted as chapter 1 in The Cold War and After; link)

Comment on Robert Jervis, “Security Studies: Ideas, Policy, and Politics,” in The Evolution of Political Knowledge: Democracy, Autonomy, and Conflict in Comparative and International Politics, ed. Edward D. Mansfield and Richard Sisson (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2004) (Word version) (Google Books)

Comment on Bruce Kuklick, “The Future of the Profession,” part of a forum (with Kuklick and Leo Ribuffo) on “The American Historical Profession in the 21st Century,” in Historically Speaking, Sept.-Oct. 2004 (downloaded version)

“The Marshall Plan as Tragedy,” comment on Michael Cox and Caroline Kennedy-Pipe, “The Tragedy of American Diplomacy? Rethinking the Marshall Plan,” both published in the Journal of Cold War Studies, 7:1 (Winter 2005) (text of comment on pdf) (text of original article on pdf)

“The Problem of International Order and How to Think About It,” The Monist, 89:2 (April 2006), issue on the Foundations of International Order (Bruce Kuklick, guest editor) (pdf version). This article was republished in the Cold War and After book.

“Preventive War and U.S. Foreign Policy,” Security Studies, 16:1 (January-March 2007) (pdf version). A slightly different version has also been published in Henry Shue and David Rodin, eds., Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007)—this article, in fact, was originally written for the Shue-Rodin book.

“The United States and Eastern Europe in 1945:  A Reassessment,” Journal of Cold War Studies, 10:4 (Fall 2008) (pdf version).

Selected documents referred to in this article (html, with links to documents)
Supporting study:  “Soviet Policy in 1945:  Some Research Notes” (

H-Diplo exchange with Eduard Mark:
Dr. Mark’s comment in H-Diplo roundtable on Miscamble’s From Roosevelt to Truman, September 10, 2007 (
link); link to whole roundtable--see pp. 30-31
My H-Diplo post of September 12, 2007 (
Dr. Mark’s H-Diplo post of September 16, 2007 (posted September 18) (

H-Diplo roundtable on the “United States and Eastern Europe” article (link) (pdf version) (posted May 5, 2009). (Comments by Fraser J. Harbutt, James McAllister, Eduard Mark and Norman M. Naimark, plus my reply)


“The French Factor in U.S. Foreign Policy during the Nixon-Pompidou period, 1969-1974,” Journal of Cold War Studies, 13:1 (Winter 2011) (pdf).  This paper was originally presented at a conference in Paris, sponsored by the Association Georges Pompidou, held on June 26-27, 2009.  Also published in Éric Bussière, François Dubasque and Robert Frank, eds., Georges Pompidou et les États-Unis: Une “relation spéciale”? (Brussels: Peter Lang, 2013)

Long version, with links to copies of most of the documents cited (pdf)

Short version (intended for publication in the conference volume) (Word version)

Talk given at the conference (in French)  (Word version)

List of most of the documents cited, with links to copies (html)
Supporting study: “The U.S.-Soviet ‘Agreement on Preventing Nuclear War’ as a Factor in Franco-American Relations” (

“The Structure of Great Power Politics, 1963-1975” (short version), in Melvyn Leffler and O.A. Westad, eds., Cambridge History of the Cold War, vol. 2 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) (fully footnoted version: Word version).  The fuller version also appears in the Cold War and After book.

“France and NATO, 1949-1991,” Journal of Transatlantic Studies, 9:3 (September 2011) (pdf) (direct link)

“Audience Costs: An Historical Analysis, Security Studies 21:1 (March 2012) (pdf) (long version)
A forum on this article was published in Security Studies 21:3 (September 2012) (
my response to the comments)

“The de Gaulle Problem,” Journal of Cold War Studies 13:1 (Winter 2012) (pdf) (word version as submitted)

“Robert Jervis and the Nuclear Question,” in James W. Davis, ed., Psychology, Strategy and Conflict: Perceptions of Insecurity in International Relations (Oxford: Routledge, 2013) (word version) (Google Books link)

“History Teaches,” Yale Journal of International Affairs (September 2012) (pdf)

“The State of International History,” e-International Relations (March 2013) (link) (revised version of Oslo talk listed below); also published in H-Diplo, July 3, 2014 (link)

“Transparency in Practice: Using Written Sources,” Qualitative and Multi-Method Research: Newsletter of the American Political Science Association's QMMR Section 13, no.1 (Spring 2015) (link) (link to whole issue)

“Assessing Soviet Economic Performance During the Cold War: A Failure of Intelligence?” Texas National Security Review 1, no. 2 (February 2018) (link)

Clémentel et la diplomatie économique pendant la Première Guerre mondiale,” in Marie-Christine Kessler and Guy Rousseau, eds., Étienne Clémentel:  Politique et action publique sous la Troisième République (Brussels: Peter Lang, 2018) (link).  (This is an abridged version of the 1977 article listed above)

“Stumbling Around in the Archives,” in Peter Krause and Ora Szekely, eds., Stories from the Field:  A Guide to Navigating Fieldwork in Political Science (New York:  Columbia University Press, 2020) (link).

“The United States and the NATO Non-extension Assurances of 1990:  New Light on an Old Problem?” International Security 45, no. 3 (Winter 2020/21) (pdf) (pdf of long version).  A German translation was published in Das Blättchen, special issue (April 2023) (link). 

A Self-Inflicted Wound? Henry Kissinger and the Ending of the October 1973 Arab-Israeli War” (with Galen Jackson), Diplomacy and Statecraft 32:3 (2021) (published version) (long version, with links to most of the sources cited).

“America, Germany, and the Versailles Peace: A Reassessment,” in Christian Bremen, ed., Amerika, Deutschland und Europa von 1917 bis heute, vol. 1 (Aachen:  Edition aixact, 2022)  (Festschrift for Klaus Schwabe) (2022) (pdf).

“The United States and Strategic Arms Control during the Nixon-Kissinger Period:  Building a Stable International System?” Journal of Cold War Studies (Fall 2022) (pdf to text as published) (link  to longer version, with links to most of the sources).

“The United States and the German Nuclear Question under Eisenhower and Kennedy” (August 2023), to be published in a volume edited by Andreas Lutsch (link).


Published Reviews:

Stephen Schuker, The End of French Predominance in Europe, in the American Historical Review [AHR], 1977

Ralph Levering, The Public and American Foreign Policy, in the Review of Politics, 1978

Robert Collins, The Business Response to Keynes, in the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science [AAAPSS], 1982

Anne Hogenhuis-Seliverstoff, Les Relations franco-soviétiques, 1917-1924, in the Journal of Modern History [JMH], 1983

Michael Carley, Revolution and Intervention: The French Government and the Russian Civil War, 1917-1919, JMH, 1985

Fred Kaplan, The Wizards of Armageddon, AAAPSS, 1984 (
pdf version)

Paul Kennedy, The Rise of the Anglo-German Antagonism, 1860-1914, AAAPSS, 1984

Kathleen Burk, Britain, America and the Sinews of War, 1914-1918, in the Journal of Economic History [JEH], 1985

Frank Costigliola, Awkward Dominion: American Political, Economic and Cultural Relations with Europe, 1919-1933, JEH, 1985

Carole Fink, The Genoa Conference: European Diplomacy, 1921-1922, JMH, 1986

Robert A. Pollard, Economic Security and the Origins of the Cold War, 1945-1980, JEH, 1986

Kalervo Hovi, Alliance de revers: Stabilization of France's Alliance Policies in East Central Europe, 1919-1921, AHR, 1985

Janne E. Nolan, Guardians of the Arsenal: The Politics of Nuclear Strategy, in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1990

John Mueller, Retreat from Doomsday: The Obsolescence of Major War, in Diplomatic History, 1991 (
Word version)

Melvyn Leffler, A Preponderance of Power, in Orbis, Summer 1995 (

Paul Schroeder, The Transformation of European Politics, 1763-1848, in Orbis, Winter 1996 (
pdf); and correspondence with Schroeder, Orbis, Spring 1996 (pdf)

David Herrmann, The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War, in the Journal of Modern History, September 1997 (
pdf version)

Lawrence Freedman, Kennedy's Wars: Berlin, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam, in the Journal of Cold War Studies (Spring 2002) (Word version) (pdf version)

Scott Sagan and Kenneth Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed, in The National Interest (Fall 2002) (Word version, as originally submitted except for some minor corrections, and with footnotes).  This article led to a short exchange of letters with Waltz:  Waltz to Trachtenberg, October 11, 2002 (pdf);  Trachtenberg to Waltz, October 28, 2002 (Word);  Waltz to Trachtenberg, December 4, 2002 (pdf);  Trachtenberg to Waltz, December 19, 2002 (Word)


Unpublished Papers and Other Material
(including H-Diplo reviews and roundtables other than those listed above):

“France and Reparation: The First Phase,” American Historical Association Annual Meeting, 1976 (

“The Clémentel Plan in Historical Perspective,” Western Society for French History Annual Meeting, 1979

“France in the Ruhr, 1923,” American Historical Association Annual Meeting, 1979

“The Strange Death of Keynesian Economics,” University of Pennsylvania Economic History Workshop, 1983

“What is the Nuclear Question?” European-American Conference on Ethical Aspects of Deterrence, Ebenhausen, 1986

“Deterrence in Everyday Life: Some Notes on Directions for Research,” 1986 (pdf)

Proceedings of the Hawk's Cay Conference on the Cuban Missile Crisis, March 5-8, 1987. Edited by David Welch. Available from the Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. This contains some material I wrote on the missile crisis based on the U.N. archives. (text)

“A Constructed Peace? The United States, the NATO Allies, and the Making of the European Settlement, 1949-1963,” first drafted for a seminar at the University of Chicago Political Science Department, March 1993; also presented at the German Historical Institute, Washington DC, May 7, 1995, and distributed as Working Paper 9 of the Volkswagen-Foundation Program in Post-War German History, American Institute for Contemporary German Studies/German Historical Institute (Washington), 1995. (Word version) (html version)

“America, Germany and the Origins of the Cold War,” (Word version). This was an outgrowth of a symposium held at the University of Virginia's Miller Center for Public Affairs in May 1999 chaired by Allen Lynch; my talk there was followed by comments by Carolyn Eisenberg, Melvyn P. Leffler, Stephen A. Schuker and Philip Zelikow, and I then got a chance to respond. A transcript was made (symposium transcript in Word), and at one point there was a plan to publish the symposium as a series of pieces in a scholarly journal. My piece here was written for that purpose.

Comment on Adam Ulam, “A Few Unresolved Mysteries about Stalin and the Cold War in Europe: A Modest Agenda for Research,” Journal of Cold War Studies 1:1 (Winter 1999), pp. 110-116; comment posted on H-Diplo, October 10, 1999

“The Accidental War Question,” paper presented at workshop on Organizational Theory and International History, March 2-4, 2000, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University. (PDF version). This was a response to Scott Sagan's paper "Accidental War in Theory and Practice," presented at the same workshop (Word version).

Comment on Truman's alleged meeting with NATO foreign ministers on April 3, 1949, posted on H-Diplo, August 25, 2000

“American Grand Strategy During the Cold War and After,” International Studies Association, Chicago, February 2001 (Session on “American Grand Strategy in Europe from 1945 to the Present: Hegemon or Off-Shore Balancer?”) (Word version).

“Thinking about Terrorism: An Historian's View,” November 2001 (Word version)

“The Future of the Western Alliance: An Historian's View,” August 2004 (for a conference on the “History and Future of Transatlantic Relations” held at Columbia University, September 2-3, 2004) (word version) (pdf version)

Review of Vojtech Mastny, “The 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty: A Missed Opportunity for Détente,” Journal of Cold War Studies (Winter 2008). Review was published by H-Diplo on April 10, 2008 (link to review)

“Social Scientists and National Security Policymaking,” February 2010 (for a conference held at Notre Dame in April 2010) (pdf)


Review of John M. Schuessler, “The Deception Dividend:  FDR’s Undeclared War,” International Security 34:4 (Spring 2010), in H-Diplo/ISSF Series on International Security Studies (link).  A number of messages dealing with the issues raised in the Schuessler article were posted in H-Diplo in April 2010  (list with links).  See especially Warren Kimball post, April 13, 2010 (link); my April 20 reply (link); Alonzo Hamby April 26 post (link); my April 28 reply (link)

Introduction to H-Diplo roundtable on Frédéric Bozo, Mitterrand, the End of the Cold War, and German Unification (New York: Berghahn Books, 2009), April 26, 2010 (link). 


“The State of International History: Where We’ve Been, Where We Are, and Where We’re Going,” talk given August 23, 2010, at a conference on “International Organizations and Institutions: Past and Future Prospects,” held at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo (pdf)


“An Interview with Carl Kaysen” (published as an occasional paper by the MIT Security Studies Program in November 2010) (pdf) (link). Transcript of full Kaysen interview (with some deletions) (link)


French Foreign Policy in the July Crisis, 1914: A Review Article,” a discussion of Stefan Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik in der Julikrise 1914: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Ausbruchs des Ersten Weltkrieges (Munich: Oldenbourg, 2009).  H-Diplo/ISSF esssay series, no. 3, published in H-Diplo on  December 1, 2010 (pdf) (link)


Introduction to H-Diplo Roundtable on Justin Vaïsse, Neoconservatism: The Biography of a Movement, (Cambridge, MA:  Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010), January 7, 2011 (link). 


Introduction to H-Diplo/ISSF Roundtable on Joseph Maiolo, Cry Havoc: How the Arms Race Drove the World to War, 1931-1941 (New York: Basic Books, 2010), July 11, 2011 (link).


Comment in H-Diplo Roundtable on Jonathan Haslam, Russia’s Cold War: From the October Revolution to the Fall of the Wall  (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), Dec. 7. 2011 (link to full roundtable)  (word version of comment).


“History and Policy,” discussion paper written for a small conference on History, Strategy, and Statecraft, sponsored by the Strauss Center of the LBJ School at the University of Texas, and held in Austin, January 7-8, 2012 (word version).


Comment on Jervis contribution to H-Diplo roundtable on Gaddis biography of George Kennan, April 2012 (link)


“Dan Reiter and America’s Road to War in 1941,” H-Diplo/ISSF roundtable, vol. 5, no. 4 (May 2013) (word version) (whole roundtable)


“Audience Costs in 1954?” H-Diplo/ISSF, September 2013 (H-Diplo/ISSF version, with comments) (word version with links)


Comment on H-Diplo/ISSF roundtable on “What We Talk About When We Talk About Nuclear Weapons” (link—my comment is about halfway down the page) (link to original roundtable)(pdf version)


“Kennedy, Vietnam and Audience Costs” (November 2013) (link to Word version) (link to pdf of ISSF forum of which this was a part). Video of a talk on this subject given at the University of Texas, March 19, 2013.  Documents released in response to April 2012 FOIA request (see n. 97 in the paper) (link to documents and to the original FOIA request).

“What’s the Problem? A Research Agenda for Diplomatic History,” H-Diplo State of the Field Essay, H-Diplo Essay 115, October 10, 2014 (link) (alt link)

“A Double Standard?” (about Russian intrusion in the 2016 U.S. presidential elections).  Originally published on January 10, 2017, as a guest post on Stephen Walt’s blog in (link);  slightly changed and footnoted version published in H-Diplo/ISSF policy series on “America and the World—2017 and Beyond,” on July 21, 2017 (link). Interview with Swiss Radio on this article (link)


“New Light on 1914?” (October 2016) (link). Published in H-Diplo/ISSF forum no. 16, September 2017 (link). 

Related paper: “Some Notes on British Policy in 1939” (link)


Introduction to H-Diplo Forum on Heather Jones and Richard Smith, eds., “Sir Edward Grey and the Outbreak of the First World War,” special issue of International History Review 38:2 (2016) (link to forum)


Contribution to roundtable on Fred Kaplan’s The Bomb:  Presidents, Generals, and the Secret History of Nuclear War, H-Diplo, July 27, 2020 (link to whole roundtable).


Contribution to roundtable on Norman Naimark’s Stalin and the Fate oof Europe:  The Postwar Struggle for Sovereignty, H-Diplo, September 21, 2020 (link to whole roundtable).


Contribution to H-Diplo/ISSF Forum on the Importance of White House Presidential Tapes in Scholarship, ed. Robert Jervis and Diane Labrosse, November 2, 2020 (link to whole forum).


“My Story,” in H-Diplo Essay Series on Learning the Scholar’s Craft: Reflections of Historians and International Relations Scholars, February 16, 2021 (Essay no. 313) (link) (pdf).


Introduction to H-Diplo/International Security Studies Forum on “The Importance of Paul Schroeder’s Scholarship to the Fields of International Relations and Diplomatic History, Forum 28 (September 10, 2021) (link)


Contribution to H-Diplo Roundtable on Brendan Rittenhouse Green, The Revolution that Failed: Nuclear Competition, Arms Control, and the Cold War, November 12, 2021 (link to roundtable)


Co-Organizer (with Diane Labrosse and Richard Immerman) of H-Diplo/ISSF Tribute to the Life, Scholarship and Legacy of Robert Jervis, Part I, February 4, 2022 (link), and Part II, August 26, 2022 (link) My own remembrance is included in Part I of the collection.




I’m one of the people interviewed in Always/Never: The Quest for Safety, Control and Survivability, a video produced in 2010 by Dan Curry from the Sandia National Laboratory.  The video can be viewed on the National Security Archive website (link) and on YouTube (part 1) (part 2) (part 3)

Information on the Historical Society (now defunct), a group I was involved in organizing; and other material about the Historical Society and related issues.

American Historical Association Nuclear Freeze Resolution (December 1982) (from AHA Perspectives, February 1983, p. 3); my letter protesting the adoption of that resolution (from AHA Perspectives, April 1983, pp. 25-26)

Report I drafted opposing shift at UCLA from quarter to semester system (part of successful effort) (February 2003) (link)

Statement I drafted opposing proposed “diversity” requirement at UCLA (part of failed effort) (March 2015) (link)

Current adddress: UCLA Department of Political Science, 4289 Bunche Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1472