History 263: Readings in Frontier and Western History

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READINGS IN FRONTIER AND WESTERN HISTORY
HISTORY 263A-B


Professor Stephen Aron
Fall 1997/Winter 1998
Office Hours: Thurs. 9-10:30, 1-1:30
Phone: 825-2561
E-mail: saron@history.ucla.edu


DESCRIPTION:
This two quarter course examines the conquest, colonization, and consolidation of North American frontiers and the post-frontier development of the American West. The reading assignments during the first quarter emphasize the intercultural and environmental relations among the different peoples vying for occupancy and opportunity in old and new "Wests."

ASSIGNMENTS:
During the fall quarter, each student will prepare and deliver a lecture on a topic in frontier/western history. A brief prospectus (including a preliminary bibliography) of the research paper is also required. During the winter quarter, students will present a conference paper on their research topic and will act as commentators on two other papers. An article-length research paper is due at the end of the winter quarter.

Books available for purchase:

  • William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis(Norton).
  • Mike Davis, City of Quartz (Vintage).
  • Brian Dippie, The Vanishing American (Kansas).
  • James Grossman, ed., The Frontier in American Culture (California).
  • Ramon Gutiérrez, When Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went Away (Stanford).
  • Clyde Milner, Carol O'Connor, and Martha Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West (Oxford).
  • George Sanchez, Becoming Mexican American (Oxford).
  • Richard White, The Middle Ground (Cambridge).
  • Donald Worster, Under Western Skies (Oxford).
All readings are also available in the reserve room of URL.




Past Midterm and Final Exams


History 162 Lecture Outlines and Visuals


Western History Web Links


Past Graduate Exams/Things to Think About


History 263B Paper Drafts




COURSE SYLLABUS:

  • Week I--Frontier and West in American History

    • Frederick Jackson Turner, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," in The Frontier in American History, 1-38.
    • William Cronon, Jay Gitlin, and George Miles, eds., Under an Open Sky, 3-27, 90-109.
    • Howard Lamar and Leonard Thompson, eds., The Frontier in History, 3-13.
    • Donald Worster, Under Western Skies, 3-33.
    • James Grossman, ed., The Frontier in American Culture.
    • Stephen Aron, "Lessons in Conquest: Towards a Greater Western History," Pacific Historical Review, 63 (1994), 125-47.
    • Kerwin Klein, "Reclaiming the 'F' Word, Or Being and Becoming Postwestern," Pacific Historical Review, 65 (1996), 179-215.
    • R. David Edmunds, "Native Americans, New Voices: American Indian History, 1895-1995," American Historical Review, 100 (1995), 717-740.
    • Clyde Milner, Carol O'Connor, and Martha Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 1-7.


  • Week II--Pre-Colonial Frontiers and First Contacts

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 13-43.
    • Ramon Gutiérrez, When Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went Away, 3-140.
    • Alison Freese, ed., "Pueblo Responses to Ramon Gutierrez's When Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went Away," American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 17 (1993), 141-77.
    • Inga Clendinnen, "The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society," Past and Present, 107 (1985), 44-89.
    • James Axtell, "Through Another Glass Darkly: Early Indian Views of Europeans," in After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America, 125-43.
    • Richard White, The Middle Ground, 1-49.
    • Natalie Zemon Davis, "Iroquois Women, European Women," in Margo Hendricks and Patricia Parker, eds., Women, "Race," and Writing in the Early Modern Period, 243-58.


  • Week III--Colonial Frontiers

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 45-113.
    • Gutiérrez, When Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went Away, 143- 75.
    • White, The Middle Ground, 50-365.
    • Daniel Richter, "War and Culture: The Iroquois Experience," William and Mary Quarterly, 40 (1983), 528-59.
    • Daniel Usner, Jr., "The Frontier Exchange Economy of the Lower Mississippi Valley in the Eighteenth Century," William and Mary Quarterly, 44 (1987), 165-92.
    • Nancy Shoemaker, "How Indians Got to Be Red," American Historical Review, 102 (1997), 625-44.
    • Steven Hackel, "The Staff of Leadership: Indian Authority in the Missions of Alta California," William and Mary Quarterly, 54 (1997), 347-76.


  • Week IV--American Conquest and Colonization I

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 115-49.
    • White, The Middle Ground, 366-523.
    • Brian Dippie, The Vanishing American, 1-78.
    • Stephen Aron, "Pigs and Hunters: 'Rights in the Woods' on the Trans-Appalachian Frontier," in Fredrika Teute and Andrew Cayton, eds., Contact Points: North American Frontiers, 1750-1830.
    • John Mack Faragher, "'More Motley Than Mackinaw': From
    • Ethnic Mixing to Ethnic Cleansing on the Frontier of the Lower Missouri, 1783-1833," in Teute and Cayton, eds., Contact Points.
    • Jeremy Adelman and Stephen Aron, "From Borderlands to Borders."
    • Andrew L. Cayton, "'Separate Interests' and the Nation- State: The Washington Administration and the Origins of Regionalism in the Trans-Appalachian West," Journal of American History, 79 (1992), 39-67.
    • James Ronda, "Dreams and Discoveries: Exploring the American West, 1760-1815," William and Mary Quarterly, 46 (1989), 145-62.
    • Peter Onuf, "Liberty, Development and Union: Visions of the West in the 1780s," William and Mary Quarterly, 43 (1986), 179-213.
    • Reginald Horsman, "The Dimensions of an 'Empire for Liberty': Expansion and Republicanism, 1775-1825," Journal of the Early Republic, 9 (1989), 1-20.


  • Week V--American Conquest and Colonization II

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 151-193.
    • Dippie, The Vanishing American, 79-196.
    • Jeffrey Ostler, "Conquest and the State: Why the United States Employed Massive Military Force to Suppress the Lakota Ghost Dance," Pacific Historical Review, 65 (1996), 217-48.
    • David Weber, Myth and the History of the Hispanic Southwest, 89-167.
    • Albert Hurtado, Indian Survival on the California Frontier, 32-54, 100-24, 169-92.
    • Douglas Monroy, Thrown Among Strangers: The Making of Mexican Culture in Frontier California, 163-232.
    • John Unruh, "The Traveling Community of the Overlanders," in Clyde Milner, ed., Major Problems in the History of the American West, 276-84.


  • Week VI--National and Capitalist Consolidation of the Great West

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 195-313.
    • William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis, 23-147, 207-59.
    • William Robbins, Colony and Empire: The Capitalist Transformation of the American West, 145-61.
    • David Johnson, Founding the Far West: California, Oregon, and Nevada, 1840-1890, 1-97.
    • Samuel Truett, "Neighbors By Nature: Rethinking Region, Nation, and Environmental History in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands," Environmental History, 2 (1997), 160-78.


  • Week VII--Women and Men on the Intercultural Frontier

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 315-425.
    • Sarah Deutsch, "Women and Intercultural Relations: The Case of Hispanic New Mexico and Colorado," Signs, 12 (1987), 719-39.
    • Johnny Faragher and Christine Stansell, "Women and Their Families on the Overland Trail," Feminist Studies, 2 (1975), 150-66.
    • "Special Issue: Western Women's History Revisited," Pacific Historical Review, LXI (November 1992), 459-559.
    • Susan Johnson, "'A Memory Sweet to Soldiers: The Significance of Gender in the History of the American West," Western Historical Quarterly, 24 (1993), 495- 518.
    • Peggy Pascoe, "Race, Gender, and Intercultural Relations: The Case of Interracial Marriage," Frontiers, 12 (1991), 5-18.
    • Peggy Pascoe, "Gender Systems in Conflict: The Marriages of Mission-Educated Chinese American Women, 1874-1939," Journal of Social History, 22 (1989), 631-52.


  • Week VIII--How the West Was Watered

    • Worster, Under Western Skies, 34-105.
    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 469-563, 603-37.
    • Norris Hundley, Jr., The Great Thirst: Californians and Water, 1770s-1990s, 119-200.
    • Richard White, The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River, 59-88.
    • Karen Merrill, "Whose Home on the Range?," Western Historical Quarterly, 27 (1996), 433-51.
    • Marilyn Johnson, "War as Watershed: The East Bay and World War II," Pacific Historical Review, 63 (1994), 315-31.
    • Roger Lotchin, "California Cities and the Hurricane of Change: World War II in the San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego Metropolitan Areas," Pacific Historical Review, 63 (1994), 393-420.


  • Week IX--Ethnicity in the Twentieth-Century West

    • Dippie, The Vanishing American, 197-353.
    • George Sanchez, Becoming Mexican American, 3-107, 129-87, 253-70.
    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 639-69.
    • Richard White, "Race Relations in the American West," American Quarterly, XXXVIII (1986), 396-416.
    • Gail Nomura, "Significant Lives: Asia and Asian Americans in the History of the U.S. West," Western Historical Quarterly, 25 (1994), 69-88.
    • David Lewis, "Still Native: The Significance of Native Americans in the History of the Twentieth-Century American West," Western Historical Quarterly, 24 (1993), 203-27.
    • David Gutiérrez, "Significant to Whom?: Mexican Americans and the History of the American West," Western Historical Quarterly, 24 (1993), 519-39.
    • James Gregory, American Exodus: The Dust Bowl Migration and Okie Culture in California, 139-71.


  • Week X--The Modern West and the Mythic West

    • Milner, O'Connor, and Sandweiss, eds., The Oxford History of the American West, 535-601, 675-741, 771-801.
    • Mike Davis, City of Quartz, 15-322.
    • John Findlay, "Far Western Cityscapes and American Culture Since 1940," Western Historical Quarterly, 22 (1991), 19-43.
    • Worster, Under Western Skies, 154-224.
    • Frank Popper, "The Strange Case of the Contemporary American Frontier," Yale Review, 76 (1986), 101-21.