Journal Articles, Books and Chapters


In press

Malamuth, N. & Huppin, M. (in press). Drawing the line on virtual child pornography: Bringing the law in line with the research evidence. New York University Review of Law and Social Change.

Malamuth, N., & Huppin, M. (in press).† Sex and pornography in media content. In W. Donsbach (Ed.) The International Encyclopedia of Communication, New York: Blackwell Publishing.

Malamuth, N. (in press) Hostile Masculinity. In Baumeister, R. F.&† Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Social Psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Malamuth, N. (in press) Pornography. In Baumeister, R. F. & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Social Psychology Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Malamuth, N. & Huppin, M. (in press) Rape. In Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Social Psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.




Hald, M., & Malamuth, N.† (2008). Self-perceived effects of† pornography in a representative sample of the Danish population. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 37, 614-625.

Vega, V., & Malamuth, N. (2007). The role of pornography in the context of general and specific risk factors. Aggressive Behavior, 33, 104-117.

Malamuth, N. Pitpitan, E. V. (2007). The effects of pornography are moderated by menís sexual aggression risk. In David .E. Guinn (Ed.) Pornography: Driving the Demand for International Sex Trafficking? (pp. 125-143). Los Angeles: Captive Daughters Media.

Hunter, J. A., Figueredo, A. J., Malamuth, N., &† Becker, J (2007). Emotional empathy as a moderator and mediator of non-sexual delinquency in juvenile sexual offenders. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 43-54.

Malamuth, N., Huppin, M. & Bryant, P. (2005).† Sexual coercion. In D. Buss (Ed.) Evolutionary psychology handbook. (pp.394-418). New York: Wiley.

Malamuth, N., & Huppin, M. (2005). Pornography and teenagers: The importance of individual differences. Adolescent Medicine, 16, 315-326.

Malamuth, N., Linz, D., & Yao, M. (2005). The Internet and aggression: Motivation, disinhibitory and opportunity aspects. In Y. Amichai-Hamburger (Ed.) The social net: Understanding human behavior in cyberspace. (pp. 163-190). Oxford:† Oxford University Press.




Hunter, J. A., Figueredo, A. J., Malamuth, N., & Becker, J. V. (2004). Developmental pathways in youth sexual aggression and delinquency: Risk factors and mediators. Journal of Family Violence, 19, 233-242.

Haley, H., Sidanius, J., Lowery, B. & Malamuth, N. (2004). The interactive nature of sex and race discrimination: A social dominance perspective. In G. Philogene (Ed.), Racial Identity in Context: The Legacy of Kenneth B. Clark. Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association.

Malamuth, N. (2003). Criminal and non-criminal sexual aggressors: Integrating psychopathy in a hierarchical-mediational confluence model. In R. A. Prentky, E. Janus, & M. Seto (Eds.), Understanding and Managing Sexually Coercive Behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 989. (pp. 33-58). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.


Malamuth, N. (2003). Risk assessment of sexual aggression: Commentary. In R. A. Prentky, E. Janus, & M. Seto (Eds.), Understanding and Managing Sexually Coercive Behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 989. (pp. 236-238) New York: New York Academy of Sciences.  


Hunter, J. A., Figueredo, A. J., Malamuth, N., & Becker, J. V. (2003).   Juvenile sex offenders: Toward the development of a typology. Sexual Abuse:  A Journal of Research and Treatment, 15, 27-48.                                                 


Malamuth, N. (2001) Pornography.  In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, (Vol.17, pp.   

11816-11821).  Elsevier: Amsterdam, New York.



Malamuth, N., & Addison, T.  (2001).  Integrating social psychological research on aggression within  an evolutionary-based framework.   In G. J.O.  Fletcher & M. S.  Clark (Eds.). Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Interpersonal Processes.  (pp. 129-161).  Malden, MA: Blackwell


Huesmann, L. R., Anderson, C. A., Berkowitz, L., Donnerstein, E., Johnson, J., Linz, D., Malamuth, N., & Wartella, E. (2001).   Media violence and youth violence (Summary).   In D. Elliot (Ed.) Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General .  Washington:   US Government Printing Office.


Malamuth, N., Addison, T., & Koss, M.  (2000).   Pornography and sexual aggression:  Are there reliable   effects and can we understand them?   Annual Review of Sex Research, 11, 26-91.


Malamuth, N., & Impett, E. A.  (2001).   Research on sex in the media:  What do we know about effects  on children and adolescents?   In D. Singer & J. Singer (Eds.).  Handbook of Children and the Media.  (pp. 269-287).  Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.


1998 - 2000

Malamuth, N., Addison, T., & Koss, M.  (2000).  Pornography and sexual aggression:  Are there  reliable effects and can we understand them?  Annual Review of Sex Research, 11, 26-91.

Ellis, B. & Malamuth, N.  (2000). Love and anger in romantic relationships: A discrete systems model. Journal of Personality, 68, 525-556.

Malamuth, N.  (1999). Pornography.  In L. Kurtz (Ed.). Encyclopedia for Violence, Peace and Conflict (Volume 3). (pp. 77-89).  New York:  Academic Press.

Malamuth, N., & Malamuth, E.  (1999).  Integrating multiple levels of scientific analysis and the confluence model of sexual coercers.   Jurimetrics: Journal of Law and Science, 39, 157-179.

Malamuth, N.  (1998).  An evolutionary-based model integrating research on the characteristics of  sexually coercive men.   In J. Adair, K. Dion, & D. Belanger, D. (Eds.).  Advances in Psychological Science, Vol. 1:  Social, Personal, and Developmental Aspects.  (pp. 151-184). Hove, England UK:  Psychology Press/Erlbaum.

Malamuth, N.  (1998). The revised Attraction to Sexual Aggression scale.  In C. M. Davis, W.  H. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G.  Schreer, & S.  L.  Davis (Eds.)  Sexuality-related measures: A compendium.  (pp. 52-55).   Beverly Hills:  Sage. (see Malamuth, 1989 citation below).

Malamuth, N.  (1998).  The confluence model as an organizing framework for research on sexually aggressive men:  Risk moderators, imagined aggression and pornography consumption.   In R.  Geen and E. Donnerstein (Eds.) Aggression: Theoretical and empirical reviews.  (pp. 229- 245).  New York:  Academic Press.

Malamuth, N., & Heilmann, M.  (1998). Evolutionary psychology and sexual aggression.  In C. B. Crawford, & D. Krebs (Eds.) Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology: Ideas, issues and applications  (pp. 515-542).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

1995 - 1997

Dean, K., & Malamuth, N.  (1997).   Characteristics of men who aggress sexually and of men who  imagine aggressing:  Risk and moderating variables.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 449-455.

Malamuth, N. (1996).  Sexually explicit media, gender differences and evolutionary theory. Journal of Communication, 46 (3), 8-31.

Malamuth, N., Heavey, C., & Linz, D.  (1996). The confluence model of sexual aggression:  Combining hostile masculinity and impersonal sex. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 23, 3, 13-37.

Malamuth, N.  (1996).  Research on the confluence model of sexual aggression based on feminist and evolutionary perspectives.  In Buss, D., & Malamuth, N.  (Eds.). Sex, power, conflict:  Evolutionary and feminist perspectives. (pp. 269-295).  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Buss, D., & Malamuth, N.  (Eds.) (1996) Sex, power, conflict:  Evolutionary and feminist  perspectives.   New York: Oxford University Press.

Malamuth, N., Linz, D., Heavey, C., Barnes, G., & Acker, M. (1995).  Using the confluence model of  sexual aggression to predict men's conflict with women:  A ten year follow-up study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 353-369.

Heavey, L., Christensen, A., & Malamuth, N.  (1995).  The longitudinal impact of demand and withdrawal during marital conflict. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 797- 801.

1993 - 1994

Malamuth, N., & Brown, L.  (1994).  Sexually aggressive men's perceptions of women's  communications:  Testing three explanations.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67,  699-712.

Malamuth, N., & Thornhill, N.  (1994).  Hostile masculinity, sexual aggression and gender-biased domineeringness in conversations.   Aggressive Behavior, 20, 185-193.

Malamuth, N. (1993). Pornography's impact on male adolescents. Adolescent Medicine:  State of the Art Reviews, 4, 563-576.

Linz, D., & Malamuth, N.  (1993). Pornography. Newbury Park, CA:  Sage.

Malamuth, N., Heavey, C., & Linz, D.  (1993).  Predicting men's antisocial behavior against women: The Interaction Model of sexual aggression.  In G. Hall, R. Hirschman, J. Graham & M.  Zaragoza, (Eds.) Sexual Aggression:  Issues in etiology and assessment, treatment and policy. (pp. 63-97).  New York: Hemisphere.

1991 - 1992

Malamuth, N.  (1992).  Evolution and laboratory research on men's sexual arousal:  What do the data show and how can we explain them?   Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15, 394-396.

Linz, D., Malamuth, N. &  Beckett, K.  (1992) Civil liberties and research on the effects of pornography.  In P. Tetlock & P. Suedfeld (Eds.)  Psychology and Social Policy. (pp. 149- 164). New York: Hemisphere.

Malamuth, N., Sockloskie, R., Koss, M., & Tanaka, J. (1991).  The characteristics of  aggressors  against women: Testing a model using a national sample of college students.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 670-681.

Malamuth, N. & Dean, K.  (1991) Attraction to sexual aggression.   In A. Parrot (Ed.).   Acquaintance Rape:  The Hidden Crime.  (pp. 229-247).  New York:  Wiley.

1989 - 1990

Check, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1990). Ethical considerations in sex and aggression research. In D. MacNiven (Ed.). Moral expertise: Studies in practical and professional ethics. (pp. 26-35). London:  Routledge.

Malamuth, N.  (1989).  The Attraction to Sexual Aggression scale: Part I.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 26-49.

Malamuth, N. (1989) The Attraction to Sexual Aggression Scale: Part II. Journal of Sex Research, 26, 324-354.

Malamuth, N.  (1989).  Sexually violent media, thought patterns and antisocial behavior.  In G. Comstock (Ed.), Public Communication and Behavior, Vol. 2  (pp. 159-204).  New York:  Academic Press.

1987 - 1988

Malamuth, N., & McIlwraith, B.  (1988). Fantasies and exposure to sexually explicit magazines. Communication Research, 15, 753-771.

Malamuth, N.  (1988).  Predicting laboratory aggression against female vs. male targets:  Implications for research on sexual aggression.  Journal of Research in Personality, 22, 474-495.

Malamuth, N., Feshbach, S., Fera, T., & Kunath, J.  (1988). Aggressive cues and sexual arousal to erotica.   In G. W. Russell (Ed.), Violence in intimate relationships. (pp. 239-251)  Great Neck, NY: PMA Publishers.

Malamuth, N.  (1988).  A multidimensional approach to sexual aggression: Combining measures of past behavior and present likelihood.  In R. A. Prentky & V. L. Quinsey (Eds.)  Human sexual aggression: Current perspectives.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Vol. 528, pp. 123-132). New York: The New York Academy of Sciences.

Malamuth, N.  (1988).  Research on "violent erotica":  A reply.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 340- 348.   (Reprinted in part in R. Surette, Ed., The Media and Criminal Justice Policy:  Recent research and social effects, pp. 42-44, Springfield, Ill.:  Charles C. Thomas).

Malamuth, N.  (1987).  Do sexually violent media indirectly contribute to antisocial behavior?  In M.  R. Walsh (Ed.).  The psychology of women: Ongoing debates (pp. 441-459). New Haven, CT:  Yale University Press.

1985 - 1986

Check, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1986).  Pornography and sexual aggression: A social learning theory analysis.  In M. L. McLaughlin (Ed.).  Communication Yearbook, Vol. 9  (pp. 181-213).  Beverly Hills, CA:  Sage.

Huesmann, L. R., & Malamuth, N.  (1986).  Media violence and antisocial behavior: An overview.  Journal of Social Issues, 42, 1-6.

Huesmann, L. R. & Malamuth, N.  (Eds.). (1986). Media violence and antisocial behavior.  Journal of Social Issues, 42, No. 3.

Malamuth, N.  (1986).  Predictors of naturalistic sexual aggression.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 953-962.  (Reprinted in M. Pirog-Good & J. Stets, Eds., 1989,  Violence in dating relationships: Emerging social issues, pp. 219-240,  New York: Praeger and  in E. Aronson,  Ed., 1991, Readings about the social animal. , 6th edit., New York:  Freeman.)

Malamuth, N., & Billings, V.  (1986).  The functions and effects of pornography: Sexual communication  vs. the feminist models in light of research findings.   In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Perspectives on Media Effects (pp. 83-108). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Malamuth, N., & Briere, J.  (1986).  Sexual violence in the media: Indirect effects on aggression  against women.  Journal of Social Issues, 42, 75-92.

Malamuth, N., Check, J., & Briere, J.  (1986). Sexual arousal in response to aggression: Ideological, aggressive and sexual correlates.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 330-340.

Malamuth, N., & Ceniti, J.  (1986).  Repeated exposure to violent and nonviolent pornography: Likelihood of raping ratings and laboratory aggression against women.   Aggressive Behavior, 12, 29-137.

Briere, J., Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1985). Sexuality and rape-supportive beliefs. International Journal of Women's Studies,8, 398-403.

Check, J., Malamuth, N., Elias, B., & Barton, S.  (1985). On hostile ground. Psychology Today, 19, 56-61.

Check, J., Perlman, D., & Malamuth, N.  (1985). Loneliness and aggressive behavior. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2, 243-252.

Check, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1985). An empirical assessment of some feminist hypotheses about rape. International Journal of Women's Studies, 8, 414-423.

Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1985).  The effects of aggressive-pornography on beliefs in rape myths: Individual differences.  Journal of Research in Personality, 19, 299-320.

1983 - 1984

Barnes, G., Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1984). Personality and sexuality. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 159-172.

Barnes, G., Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1984). Psychoticism and sexual arousal to rape depictions.   Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 273-279.

Check, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1984).  Can there be positive effects of participation in pornography experiments? The Journal of Sex Research, 20, 14-31.

Malamuth, N.  (1984). Sexual violence in the mass media.  In D. Scott (Ed.), Media violence and pornography: An international perspective.  Toronto: Media Action Group.

Malamuth, N.  (1984).  The mass media and aggression against women: Research findings and prevention.  In A. W. Burgess (Ed.), Handbook of research on rape and sexual assault. New York: Garland.

Malamuth, N.  (1984). Social scientific research on pornography.  Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice: Effects of Pornography on Women and Children (Hearings, 98th Congress, August 8th, 1984). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, #1267, Serial #J-98-133, pp. 92-117.

 Malamuth, N.  (1984). The mass media, individual characteristics and aggression against women.  In R. M. Kaplan, V. J. Konecni, & R. W. Novaco (Eds.), Aggression in Children and Youth.  The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.  (Sponsored by NATO--North Atlantic Treaty Organization.)

Malamuth, N., & Donnerstein, E.  (Eds.) (1984). Pornography and sexual aggression.  New York: Academic Press.

Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1984).  Debriefing effectiveness following exposure to rape depictions.  Journal of Sex Research, 20, 1-13.

Malamuth, N.  (1984).  Aggression against women: Cultural and individual causes.  In N. Malamuth & E. Donnerstein (Eds.), Pornography and sexual aggression (pp. 19-52).  New York:  Academic Press.

Malamuth, N., & Billings, V.  (1984).  Why pornography?  Models of functions and effects.  Journal of Communication, 34, 117-129.

Ceniti, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1984).  Effects of repeated exposure to sexually violent or sexually nonviolent stimuli on sexual arousal to rape and nonrape depictions.   Behaviour Research and Therapy, 22, 535-548.

Briere, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1983).  Self-reported likelihood of sexually aggressive behavior: Attitudinal versis sexual explanations.  Journal of Research in Personality, 17, 315-323.

Check, J., & Malamuth, N.  (1983). Sex role stereotyping and reactions to depictions of stranger versus acquaintance rape. †Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 344-356.

Donnerstein, E., & Malamuth, N.  (1983).   Pornography: Dynamics of the participants  and observers.   In L. Schlesinger (Ed.), Sexual dynamics of anti-social behavior.  Springfield, IL: Thomas.

Malamuth, N.  (1983). Human sexuality.  In D. Perlman & P. C. Cozby (Eds.), Social psychology: A social issues perspective. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.  (Published in a French edition by Les Edition HRW Ltd. and in a Spanish edition by Editorial Interamericana.)  (Sponsored by the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.)

Malamuth, N.  (1983).  Factors associated with rape as predictors of laboratory aggression against females.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 432-442.

Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1983).  Sexual arousal to rape depictions: Individual differences.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 92, 55-67.

1981 - 1982

Malamuth, N., & Donnerstein, E.  (1982). The effects of aggressive-pornographic mass media stimuli.  In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 15 (pp. 103-136).  New York: Academic Press.

Malamuth, N.  (1981). Rape proclivity among males. †Journal of Social Issues, 37, 138-157.

Malamuth, N.  (1981) Rape Fantasies as a function of exposure to violent-sexual stimuli.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 10, 33-47.

Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1981).  The effects of mass media exposure on acceptance of violence against women: A field experiment. Journal of Research in Personality, 15, 436-446.

Malamuth, N., Turcotte, S., & Fitz-Gibbon, C. (1981).  Tutoring and social psychology.  Journal of Educational Thought, 15, 113-123.

1979 - 1980

Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1980).  Sexual arousal to rape and consenting depictions: The importance of the woman's arousal.   Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 89, 763-76

Malamuth, N., & Check, J.  (1980).  Penile tumescence and perceptual responses to rape as a function  of victim's perceived reactions.   Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10, 528- 547.   (Reprinted in D. Copp and S. Wendall, Eds.,Pornography and Censorship: Scientific,  Philosophical and Legal Studies.  Buffalo, NY:  Prometheus Press, 1983.)

Malamuth, N., Feshbach, S., & Heim, M.  (1980). Ethical issues and exposure to rape stimuli: A reply to Sherif.   Journal of Personality And Social Psychology, 38, 413-415.

Malamuth, N., Haber, S., & Feshbach, S. (1980).  Testing hypotheses regarding rape: Exposure to sexual violence, sex differences, and the "normality" of rapists. Journal of Research in Personality, 14, 121-137.  (Reprinted in B. Allen, Ed., Personality and Social Psychology Interface. Bloomington, IN: T.I.S. Publications, 1981; 2nd ed., 1986).

Malamuth, N., Heim, M., & Feshbach, S.  (1980). The sexual responsiveness of college students to rape depictions: Inhibitory and disinhibitory effects.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 399-408.

Malamuth, N., & Spinner, B.  (1980). A longitudinal content analysis of sexual violence in the best-selling erotica magazines. The Journal of Sex Research, 16, 226-237.

Malamuth, N. (1979).  Violence and responsibility.  Contemporary Psychology, 8, 651-652.  (Book  Review).

1977 - 1978

Feshbach, S., & Malamuth, N.  (1978). Sex and aggression.  Psychology Today, 12, 110-117.

Malamuth, N., Shayne, L., & Poque, B.  (1978). Infant cues and stopping at the crosswalk.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4, 334-336.

Malamuth, M., & Fitz-Gibbon, C.  (1978).  Tutoring and Social Psychology: A Theoretical Analysis.  Los Angeles: Center For the Study of Evaluation, CSE Report No. 116. UCLA.

Malamuth, N., Feshbach, S., & Jaffe, Y. (1977).  Sexual arousal and aggression: Recent experiments and theoretical issues.  Journal of Social Issues, 33, 110-133.

1975 - 1976

Malamuth, N., Wanderer, Z., Sayner, R., & Durrell, D. (1976).  Utilization of surrogate partners: A survey of health professionals.  Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 7, 149-150.

Malamuth, N., & Pfeiffer, K.  (Eds.).  (1976). Sites and insights in psychology.  Los Alamitos: Hwong  Press.

Raven, B., Rubin, J., Malamuth, Z., & Malamuth, N.  (1976).  An Instructor's Manual and Guide for Teaching a Course in Social Psychology.  New York: Wiley.

Malamuth, N.  (1975). A systematic analysis of the relationship between group shifts and the Choice Dilemmas Questionnaire.  (Doctoral Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles).  Dissertation Abstracts International, 1976, 36, 4230-4231B.

Malamuth, N., Shure, G., Johnston, S.  (1975). Teaching research methods with a computer-based model of choice shifts.   Journal of Computer-Based Instruction, 2, 1-10.

Shure, G., Malamuth, N., Johnston, S.  (1975). A computer simulation of group risky shift for teaching undergraduate research methods.   Simulation and Games, 6, 202-210.

1972 - 1974

Jaffe, Y., Malamuth, N., Feingold, J., & Feshbach, S. (1974).  Sexual arousal and behavioral aggression.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 759-764.

Malamuth, N., & Feshbach, S.  (1972).  Risky shift in a naturalistic setting.   Journal of Personality, 4, 38-49. 


Malamuth, N.  (1998). Commentary on pornography research and testimony before the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13, pp. 528-529 & pp. 538-543.

Malamuth, N.  (1989). Pornography and the Surgeon General. American Psychologist, 42, 580.

Malamuth, N.  & Donnerstein, E. (1987).  Reply to Mosher: Letter to the Book Review Editor. Journal of Sex Research, 1987, 23, 281-283.

Malamuth, N.  (1985). The mass media and aggression against women.  American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Newsletter, 10, 22-24.  (Also in S. Katz & P. Vesin (Eds.), Children and the Media  (pp. 129-134).  Paris, France: Centre International de l'Enforce, 1986.)

Malamuth, N., & Lindstrom, J.  (Sept. 16, 1984). Violent pornography: How its message can shape attitudes. Herald Examiner, Section F. page 1.

Malamuth, N.  (1984). Aggressive-pornography and aggression against women.  Canadian Association of University Teachers Bulletin, 31, 26-27.

Malamuth, N., & Lindstrom, J.  (1984). Pornography.  Film Comment, Dec., 39-40.

Malamuth, N.  (1982). Rapists and normal men. Treatment of Sexual Aggression News, 5, 3-5.