Origin and Evolution of Culture

2/10/05


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Table of Contents

Origin and Evolution of Culture

Introduction

Introduction (cont’d)

Part I: Setting the Stage

Primate Organization: Groups of Individuals

Band society organization: Cooperation frequent

Payoff for Cooperative Behavior-- Resources Variable in Time and Space

Prisoner’s Dilemma (Individual Level)

Fitness Behavior

Cooperation Based on Genetic Relations Recognized Through Behavior

Prisoner’s Dilemma (Group Level)

Definition of Culture

Culture as Mental Phenomena

Culture as a System of Interconnected Concepts

Culture as a Constructed Reality

Humanness as a Constructed Reality

Band society organization: Cooperation frequent

Kinship Identification and Calculation

Gao’s Calculation

Comparison of Two Kinship Terminologies

Kin Term Products for !Kung San Kinship Terminology (Cayley Table)

Part II: Evolution of Mental Constructs

Relation, R

Relation, Examples

Equivalence Relations

Macaque Relation Formation

Concept of Self and of Mind

Category Formation

Mother-Child Relation Concept, long-tailed Macaques

Likely Relation Concepts

Category/Concept Formation

Transitivity: Deduced New Concept

Deduced Relation Without Genetic Linkage

Projected Reciprocal Relation: Conceptual Linkage

Conceptual Linkage Between Individuals, Genetic Connection Unknown

Behavior “Piggybacks” on Reciprocal Relation Projection

Relation Sets and Change to a Relation Set

Group of Individuals Structured by a Relation Set

Relation Sets and Group Behavior

Symmetry: Shift From TFT Strategy to Reciprocal Relation Belief (Symmetry)

Theorem: Equivalence Relation and Disjoint Groups

Generation of Cooperative Disjoint Groups Through a Transitive and Symmetric Relation Concept

Part III: Group Fitness and Mental Constructs

Competition Between Groups

Competition Between Two Groups

Phase State Diagram: Shift from: Equilibrium Between Two Populations to: Single Population Wins Out

Relationship Between Group Fitness and Cardinality of Relation Set (Curve Hypothetical)

Part IV: Group Selection and Generative Relation Sets

Recruitment and Learning Problem!

Complexity of Relation Set: Number of Rules in a Finite State Grammar Representation

Limited Patterning: Coherence of Pattern Through Time and Cardinality

Finite State Grammar: Coherence of Pattern Through Time and Complexity of Rules

Fitness and Decay in Relation Set Coherence

Generative Relation Set (Cultural Construct)

Limited Patterning versus Generative Relation Set

Finite State Grammar versus Generative Relation Set

Fitness and Decay in Relation Set Coherence

Kin Based Society

Band society organization: Cooperation frequent

Summary

Conclusion

Author: Dwight Read

Email: dread@anthro.ucla.edu