Name: Allen Johnson
Office: Department of Anthropology
University of California
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1553
Tel: (310) 825 1437
Fax: (310) 478-1235
1959-1963 University of California, Berkeley
B.A., Anthropology, June 1963
1964-1968 Stanford University
M.A., Anthropology, June 1965
Ph.D., Anthropology, June 1968
1977-1992 Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute
Ph.D., Psychoanalysis, March 1992
Summer 1965 Stanford Summer Field Training Program, Oaxaca, Mexico.
August 1966- Boa Ventura, Ceara, Brazil; Ph.D. Dissertation Research.
Cultural Ecology of Machiguenga Indians, Peruvian Amazon (18 months in
July 1988- Re-study of Fazenda Boa Ventura, Ceara, Brazil.
Summer 1968 Acting Instructor, Stanford University.
1968-1975 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Columbia University.
Summer 1970 Faculty Associate, University of Hawaii Training Program in Human Ecology, Kohala, Hawaii.
1975-1980 Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles.
1980-1988 Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles.
1988-present Professor of Anthropology and Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles.
Cultural Ecology/Social Evolution
Native South America
Latin American Communities
Summer 1969 Deputy Chair, Anthropology, Columbia University.
1972-1975 Director, NIMH Training Program in Social Anthropology, Columbia University.
1976-1978 Director, NIMH Training Program in Behavioral Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles.
1978-1980 Chair, Campus Wide Health Services Research Committee,
University of California, Los Angeles.
1980-1981 Chair, Selection Committee, International Doctoral Fellowship Program for Latin American, Social Science Research Council.
1984-1987 Chair, Committee on Social Science Computer Laboratories, UCLA.
1987-1991 Chair, Department of Anthropology, UCLA.
1990-1994 Member-at-Large (elected), Executive Committee of Anthropology, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
1995-1999 Member (elected), Board of Directors, Society for Psychological Anthropology
1997-2001 Chair, Latin American Studies Program, UCLA
1992 Outstanding Thesis Award, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute
1998 L. Bryce Boyer Prize, Outstanding Publication in Psychoanalytic
Anthropology, Society for Psychological Anthropology,
for Oedipus Ubiquitous
(w/ Douglass Price-Williams)
1998 Annual Robert J. Stoller Foundation Memorial Lecture,
October 16, 1998
Fellowships and Grants
1965-1967 National Science Foundation, Graduate Fellowship
1967-1968 Agricultural Development Council, dissertation research grant (B.J. Siegel, Principal Investigator)
July 1969 Columbia Council for Research in the Social Sciences: "Computer processing of ecological data;" "Patron client relations in rural Latin America."
July 1971 Columbia CRSS: "Computer simulation of swidden agriculture."
1972-1976 National Science Foundation, Faculty Research Grant: "Ethno ecological field study among Machiguenga Indians of the Peruvian Amazon."
1972-1975 Director, NIMH Graduate Training Program Columbia University.
1976-1978 Director, NIMH Graduate Training Program, UCLA.
1976-1978 National Science Foundation, Faculty Research Fellowship: Postdoctoral study in psychological anthropology (summers)
1977-1978 National Institute of Mental Health, Faculty Research Fellowship: Postdoctoral study in psychological anthropology (academic year)
1977-1979 Research Clinical Associate, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute. 3 year stipend.
1994-1999 National Science Foundation Masterís Level Research Training Grant (co-PI)
1977-2002 UCLA Academic Senate Small Grants each year.
American Anthropological Association (fellow)
American Association for the Advancement of Science (fellow)
American Ethnological Society
Society for Psychological Anthropology
Books and Monographs:
1971 Sharecroppers of the Sertao: Economics and Dependence on a Brazilian Plantation. Stanford, Stanford University Press
1978 Quantification in Cultural Anthropology: An Introduction to Ethnographic Research Design. Stanford, Stanford University Press
1982 Contemporary Health Services: Social Science Perspectives. Boston: Auburn House. (Edited, with Oscar Grusky and Bertram Raven).
1987 (with Timothy Earle) The Evolution of Human Societies: From Foraging Group to Agrarian State. Stanford, Stanford University Press
1987 (With Orna R. Johnson) Time Allocation Among the Machiguenga of Shimaa. In, Allen Johnson, ed., Cross Cultural Studies in Time Allocation, Vol. I.
New Haven: Human Relations Area Files
1992 Is the Oedipus Complex Universal? New Evidence from World Folk Literature. Ph.D. Thesis, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute. Los Angeles.
1996 (with Douglass Price-Williams) Oedipus Ubiquitous: The Family Complex in World Folk Literature. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
2000 (with Timothy Earle) The Evolution of Human Societies, 2d Edition. Stanford: Stanford University Press (in press).
2003 Families of the Forest: the Matsigenka Indians of the Peruvian Amazon. Berkeley: University of California Press (in press).
1969 (with B. J. Siegel) Wages and Income in Ceara, Brazil. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 25:1 13.
1971 Security and Risk Taking Among Poor Peasants: A Brazilian Case. In, G. Dalton, ed., Studies in Economic Anthropology. Anthropological Studies,
Vol. 7. Washington, D.C. American Anthropological Association.
1972 Individuality and Experimentation in Traditional Agriculture. Human Ecology 1:149 159
1974 Ethnoecology and Planting Practices in a Swidden Agricultural System. American Ethnologist 1:87 101.
(with G. Bond) Kinship, Friendship, and Exchange in Two Communities: A Comparative Analysis of Norms and Behavior. Journal of Anthropological
Research 30:55 68.
1975 Time Allocation in a Machiguenga Community. Ethnology 14:301 310.
(with O. Johnson) Male/Female Relations and the Organization of Work
in a Machiguenga Community. American Ethnologist 2:634 648.
1977 The Energy Costs of Technology in a Changing Environment: A Machiguenga Case. In, H., Lechtman and R. Merrill, eds., Material Culture: Styles,
Organization, and Dynamics of Technology. 1975 Proceedings of the Annual Spring Meeting of the American Ethnological Society. St. Paul, West .
(with E. Montgomery) Machiguenga Energy Expenditure. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 6:97 105.
1978 In Search of the Affluent Society. Human Nature (September), pp. 50 59.
1980 The Limits of Formalism in Agricultural Decision Research. In, P. Barlett, ed., Agricultural Decision Making. New York: Academic Press.
1982 Reductionism in Cultural Ecology: The Amazon Case.
Current Anthropology 23:413 428.
(with C. Behrens) Nutritional Criteria in Machiguenga Food Production Decisions: A Linear Programming Analysis. Human Ecology 10:167 189.
Nonreductionistic Cultural Ecology. In, John G. Kennedy and Robert
B. Edgerton, eds., Culture and Ecology: Eclectic Perspectives.
American Anthropological Association.
1983 Machiguenga Gardens. In, Raymond B. Hames and
William T. Vickers, eds., Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians.
New York: Academic Press.
1986 (with O. Johnson and M. Baksh) The Colors of Emotions in Machiguenga, American Anthropologist 88:674 681.
(with H.R. Bernard, P.J. Pelto, O. Werner, J. Boster, A.K. Romney, C.R. Ember, and A. Kasakoff) The Construction of Primary Data in Cultural
Anthropology. Current Anthropology 27:382 396.
1987 The Death of Ethnography: Has Anthropology Betrayed its Mission? The Sciences (March/April)
M. Baksh) Ecological and Structural Influences on the Proportions
of Wild Foods in the Diets of Two Machiguenga Communities.
In, Marvin Harris
and Eric B. Ross, eds. Food and Evolution: Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press.
1988 (with O. Johnson) Oedipus in the Political Economy:
Theme and Variations in Amazonia. In, Richard P. Randolph, David
M. Schneider, and May N.
Diaz, eds., Dialectics and Gender: Anthropological Approaches. Boulder, CO: Westview.
1989 How the Machiguenga Manage Resources: Conservation
or Exploitation of Nature? In, D.A. Posey and W. Balee, eds., Resource
Amazonia: Indigenous and Folk Strategies. New York: New York Botanical Society.
Horticulturalists: Economic Behavior in Tribes. In, S. Plattner, ed., Economic Anthropology. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Pp., 49-77.
C. Behrens) Time Allocation Research and Aspects of Method in Cross-Cultural
Research. J. Quantitativew Anthropology I: 313-334. (Special
Issue in Honor of E.B. Tylor.)
1990 (with O. Johnson) Quality into Quantity:
On the Measurement Potential of Ethnographic Fieldnotes. In, Roger
Sanjek, ed., Fieldnotes: The Makings of
Anthrlopology. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
M. Baksh) Insurance Policies Among the Machiguenga: An Ethnographic
Analysis of Risk Management in Nonwestern Society. In, Elizabeth
Cashdan, ed., Risk and Uncertainty in Tribal and Peasant Societies. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Allocation Research: The Costs and Benefits of Alternative Methods.
In Beatrice Lorge Rogers and Nina P. Schlossman, eds. Intra-Household
Resource Allocation: Issues and Methods for Development Policy and Planning. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
1991 Regional Primary Comparative Research. Behavior Science Research 25. (Special Volume, "Cross-Cultural and Comparative Research.")
1992 Psychoanalysis and Materialism. In, David Spain, ed., Psychoanalytic Anthropology After Freud. New York: Psyche Press.
1995 Explanation and Ground Truth: The Place of Cultural
Materialism in Scientific Anthropology. In, Martin F. Murphy and
Maxine L. Margolis, eds., Science,
Materialism, and the Study of Culture. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
1995 A Guttman Scale Analysis of Matsigenka Men's Manufacturing Skills. Cultural Anthropology Methods 7:1-3, 12.
1996 (with O. Johnson) Matsigenka. Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Vol. 7, ed. D. Levinson. Boston: G. K. Hall.
1996 Time Allocation. Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files.
1996 Anthropology and Psychoanalysis: Bridging Science
and the Humanities. In, Jacques Szaluta and Laurie Adams, eds.
Psychoanalysis and the Humanities.
New York: Brunner/Mazel.
1997 The Psychology of Dependence Between Landlord and
Sharecropper in Northeastern Brazil. In J. Duckitt
and S Renshon, eds. Culture and
Cross-Cultural Dimensions of Political Psychology. Political Psychology 18:411-38.
1998 Repression: A Reexamination of the Concept as Applied to Folktales. Ethos 26:295-313.
1998 (with Ross Sackett) Direct Systematic Observation
of Behavior. In, H. R. Bernard, ed. Handbook of Method
in Cultural Anthropology. Walnut Creek,
CA: Altamira Press, pp. 301-331.
1999 Political Consciousness on Boa Ventura: 1967 and 1989 Compared. In, J. Bowen and R. Petersen, eds. Critical Comparisons in Politics and Culture.
New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 173-195.
2000 The Political Unconscious: Politics and Stories in Two South American Cultures. In, S. Renshon and J. Duckitt, eds., Political Psychology: Cultural and
Crosscultural Foundations. London: MacMillan, pp. 159-181.
Ethnoecology and Planting Practices in a Swidden Agricultural System . In, Brokensha, D. Warren, and O. Werner, eds., Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Development.
Individuality and Experimentation in Traditional Agriculture . In, B. Crouch and S. Chamala, (eds.), Extension Education and Rural Development, Wiley.
In Search of the Affluent Society . In Dutch, in Kijk.
In Search of the Affluent Society . In, J. Spradley, (ed.) Conformity and Conflict.
In Search of the Affluent Society . In, A. Podolefsky
and P. J. Brown, Applying Cultural Anthropology (1994).
Reductionism in Cultural Ecology: The Amazon Case . In, Herbert Applebaum, ed., Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology.
Book Reviews, Bibliographies, Comments:
1971 Latin American Peasant Movements, H. Landsberger. Political Science Quarterly.
Bibliography on Computer Applications in Anthropology,Computers and the Humanities 5:235 6.
Review of Brazil, T.L. Smith. The Foreign Affairs 50 year Bibliography, N.Y., R. R. Bowker.
1972 Review of The Raft Fisherman, S. Forman. Economic Development and Cultural Change 20:767 769.
1977 "Progress Costs Too Much," Review of J. Bennett, The Ecological Transition, Reviews in Anthropology 4:115 120.
1978 Review of The Brazilian Peasantry, S. Forman. Journal of Social History 11:447 449.
1978 Comment on E. Ross, Food Taboos, Diet, and Hunting Strategy. Current Anthropology 19:21.
Comment on M. Nag et al, Economic Value of Children. Current Anthropology 19:302.
1980 Essays and Polemics: Latin American Society from Diverse Perspectives. Comparative Studies in Society and History.
1980 Comment on W. Minge Klevana, Does Labor Time Increase with Industrialization? Current Anthropology 21:241.
1981 Review of The Innovator's Situation, F. Cancian. American Anthropologist 83:182 184
1984 Comment on D. Westin, "Cultural Materialism: Food for Thought or Bum Steer?" Current Anthropology 25:639 653
Comment on R. Bolton, "The Hypoglycemia Aggression Hypothesis: Debate versus Research." Current Anthropology 25:33.
1988 (with T. Earle) Review of R. Glassman, Democracy and Despotism in Primitive Societies. American J. Sociology 716 719.
1990 Review of T. Nishizawa, ed. Agricultural Land Use and Transformation of Ecosystems in the Semi Arid Region, Northeast Brazil. American Anthropologist
1993 Review of K. Redford and C. Padoch, Conservation of Neotropical Forests: Working from Traditional Resource Use. American Anthropologist 95:38-9.
1995 Review of S. Kurtz, All the Mothers are One. Psychoanalytic Psychology 12:457-61.
1997 Review of R. Paul, Moses and Civilization. American
Anthropologist 99: 49-50.
I am director of the UCLA Time Allocation Project, and editor of the series, Cross-Cultural Studies in Time Allocation. The monographs are published by the Human Relations Area Files, Inc., of New Haven, Connecticut. Monographs in the series are:
Vol. I A. Johnson and O. R. Johnson, Time Allocation among the Machiguenga of Shimaa. 1988.
Vol. II M. Paolisso and R. D. Sackett, Time Allocation among the Yukpa of Yurmutu. 1988.
Vol. III R. C. Bailey and N. R. Peacock, Time Allocation of Efe Pygmy Men and Women of the Ituri Forest, Zaire. 1988.
Vol. IV C. A. Behrens, Time Allocation among the Shipibo of Nuevo Eden. 1988.
Vol. V R. L. Munroe and R. H. Munroe, Logoli Time Allocation. 1989.
Vol. VI R. L. and R. H. Munroe, Black Carib Time Allocation. 1990.
Vol. VII M. G. Baksh, Time Allocation among the Machiguenga of Camana. 1990
Vol. VIII R. L. Munroe and R. H. Munroe, Samoan Time Allocation. 1990.
Vol. IX D. Werner, Time Allocation among the Mekranoti-Kayapo. 1993.
Vol. X R. Hames, Time Allocation among the Yekwana. 1993.
Vol. XI J. Weil, Time Allocation among Bolivian Quechua Coca Cultivators. 1993.
Vol. XII R. H. Munroe and R. L. Munroe, Newar Time Allocation. 1997.
Vol. XIII G. Smith, Time Allocation among the Madurese of Gedang-Gedang. 1995.
Vol. IX M. Borgerhoff-Mulder, A. T. Kerr, and M. Moore, Time Allocation
among the Kipsigis of Kenya. 1997.